Darwinism
   Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) was born in Shrewsbury, England, where he attended school. His grades were far from distinguished. His father was disgusted and reproved him: "You care for nothing but shooting, dogs, and rat catching, and you will be a disgrace to yourself and all your family." Young Darwin was then sent to Edinburgh to study medicine. This he refused to do because he didn't like the subject. Next he was sent to Cambridge to prepare for the ministry, but Darwin ignored his ministerial studies because of his interest in natural history. In 1831, the Royal Navy's H.M.S. Beagle was about to sail on a scientific voyage. Darwin signed on for this five-year trip so that he might have an excellent firsthand opportunity to make geological observations. Darwin's interest in evolution came later, after he had found fossils that sparked an interest in that subject. Darwin wrote about his experiences on the voyage shortly after arriving home, but his revolutionary work The Origin of Species by Natural Selection was not published until November 24, 1859. The book sold out immediately and created quite a furor in theological quarters. It represented a blow to religious opinions, because it replaced belief in the divine creation of species by a natural selection of viable variations and implied that man was not unique but similar to other animals, a theory known as Darwinism.
   Theologians defended themselves by vociferous condemnations of Darwin's theses. But the Church of England has never attacked Darwinism— evolution by natural selection—or, as Herbert Spencer called it, "survival of the fittest."
   Darwin's most avid defender was the biologist Thomas Henry Huxley, who coined the word agnostic and who was known as "Darwin's Bulldog," for he willingly took on anyone who spoke deprecatingly about evolution. He once told Darwin, "Get on with your work, and leave the wrestling to me."
   During Darwin's voyage on the Beagle, he was bitten by a large bug that causes Chagas's disease. He became a semi-invalid and lived in constant pain. Darwin was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • darwinism — DARWINÍSM s.n. Concepţie evoluţionistă, formulată de naturalistul englez Darwin, care explică originea şi evoluţia speciilor de animale şi de plante prin transformarea treptată a altor specii care au trăit odinioară pe pământ, ca urmare a… …   Dicționar Român

  • Darwinism — Darwinism, Social Darwinism Darwinism is the belief in the theory of evolution by means of natural selection, developed separately by Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace, and subsequently popularized in Darwin s two great works on evolution: the… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Darwinism — Dar win*ism, n. (Biol.) The theory or doctrines put forth by Darwin. See above. Huxley. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Darwinism — Darwinism. См. дарвинизм. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Darwinism — 1864, from Charles Darwin (1809 1882), whose major works were The Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Darwinism — ► NOUN ▪ the theory of the evolution of species by natural selection, advanced by the English natural historian Charles Darwin (1809 82). DERIVATIVES Darwinian noun & adjective Darwinist noun & adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • Darwinism — [där′win iz΄əm] n. 1. the Darwinian theory 2. adherence to the Darwinian theory Darwinist adj., n. Darwinistic adj …   English World dictionary

  • Darwinism — This article is about concepts called Darwinism. For biological evolution, see evolution. For modern evolutionary theory, see modern evolutionary synthesis. Charles Darwin in 1868 Darwinism is a set of movements and concepts related to ideas of… …   Wikipedia

  • Darwinism — noun Date: 1864 1. a theory of the origin and perpetuation of new species of animals and plants that offspring of a given organism vary, that natural selection favors the survival of some of these variations over others, that new species have… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Darwinism — Darwinist, Darwinite /dahr weuh nuyt /, n., adj. Darwinistic, adj. /dahr weuh niz euhm/, n. the Darwinian theory that species originate by descent, with variation, from parent forms, through the natural selection of those individuals best adapted …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”