Diogenes
   The Greek philosopher Diogenes (c 400-325 B.C.) is best remembered for his idiosyncratic behavior. It was he who walked the streets of Athens during daylight hours with a lighted lantern searching for an honest man, an odd act designed to show his contempt for society. He is remembered as the man who lived in a tub, which he trundled about with him so that he would always have a place in which to sleep; hence the name of Diogenes crab, a crab that lives in another crab's empty shell. He surrendered one of his few worldly possessions to the trash heap, a wooden bowl, upon seeing a child drinking from cupped hands. Hence the Diogenes cup, cupped hands used as a drinking vessel.
   Diogenes was one of the most famous members of the Cynic sect, which was founded by Antisthenes, a pupil of Socrates. The Cynics subscribed to the belief that virtue was the highest good and that a virtuous life was a simple life. All excessive pleasure was to be dismissed, and selfcontrol must govern behavior. Diogenes' followers positioned themselves as the watchdogs of morality.
   Alexander the Great was a great admirer of Diogenes, so much so that he once said, "If I were not Alexander I would wish to be Diogenes." Diogenes, who was sunbathing at the moment, did not return the compliment. When Alexander inquired, "Is there any way I can serve you?" Diogenes replied, "Yes, you can, Sire, you can step out of my sunlight."

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Diogenes — (Διογένης) is a Greek name shared by several important historical figures: Diogenes of Sinope (412–323 BC), better known as Diogenes the Cynic or simply Diogenes, philosopher Diogenes of Apollonia or Diogenes Apolloniates (c. 460 BC), philosopher …   Wikipedia

  • Diogenes — (griechisch: Διογένης) war der Name diverser Persönlichkeiten des antiken Griechenlands, insbesondere von Philosophen: Diogenes von Apollonia (um 500 v. Chr.), Philosoph in Athen, Vertreter der monistischen Lehre, nach der die Luft… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diógenes — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Puede referirse a: Diógenes de Apolonia, el Físico , filósofo griego, siglo V a.C. Diógenes de Babilonia, estoico del Periodo helenístico Diógenes de Oinoanda, filósofo griego epicúreo, siglo II Diógenes de Sinope… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Diogenes — Di*og e*nes, n. A Greek Cynic philosopher (412? 323 B. C.) who lived much in Athens and was distinguished for contempt of the common aims and conditions of life, and for sharp, caustic sayings. [1913 Webster] {Diogenes crab} (Zo[ o]l.), a species …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diogenes — Diogenes, von Synope, 414 vor Christus geboren, der merkwürdige Philosoph, der die Enthaltsamkeit so weit trieb, daß er in einem Fasse wohnte und aus der Hand trank, der Mann, der von dem großen Alexander, als dieser gekommen war, ihn zu sehen,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Diógenes — Diógenes, 1) D. von Apollonia auf Kreta, auch D. von Smyrna genannt, ionischer Philosoph um 450 v. Chr., sah, wie vor ihm Anaximenes, die atmosphärische Luft als das Urwesen an, aus dem mittels Verdünnung und Verdichtung alles Einzelne entstanden …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Diogenes — Diogĕnes von Laërte in Cilicien, im 3. Jahrh. n. Chr., verfaßte das für die Geschichte der Philosophie bedeutende Werk »Über Leben, Ansichten und Aussprüche der berühmten Philosophen« in 10 Büchern, hg. von Hübner (1828 33) und Cobet (1850);… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Diogenes — of Sinope …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Diogenes — Diogenic /duy euh jen ik/, Diogenean, adj. /duy oj euh neez /, n. 412? 323 B.C., Greek Cynic philosopher. * * * ▪ Greek philosopher born Sinope, Paphlygonia died c. 320 BC, probably at Corinth, Greece       archetype of the Cynics (Cynic), a… …   Universalium

  • DIOGENES — I. DIOGENES Antonius, vide Antonius. II. DIOGENES Apolloniates, Anaximenis auditor, fil. Apollothemidis. Physicarum rerum notitiâ oelebris, Rhetor et Philosophus insignis. Tempore Anaxagorae viguit, ab invidis, in pericuum mortis, Athenis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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