Dollar
   , PILLARS OF HERCULES
   The word dollar, the basic monetary unit of the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and a few smaller countries, has a history that goes back to the sixteenth century. The locale was Bohemia, now a part of the Czech Republic.
   In the valley of Joachimasthal was a mint that coined silver money called Joachimsthalern. In the early 1500s a rich silver mine was discovered there. The Counts of Shlick, who owned the mine, began to coin the silver in one-ounce pieces, and the coins were known as Schlickenthalers, after the name of the counts. The simplified thalers became a more popular name. The Danes called them dalers, from which one can see the emergence of the English word dollar.
   There is a connection between the English and Spanish languages regarding the word dollar. The American dollar sign is either a capital S with two vertical lines superimposed on it or the letter S superimposed on the letter U. How the symbol arose has never been fully explained. The most widely accepted belief is that it was taken from the Spanish dollar, commonly know as "a piece of eight" because an 8 was impressed on it. The 8 stands for eight reales (Spanish coins), the value of the dollar. The official name for the old Spanish dollar was pillar, from the original name of the Strait of Gibraltar, the Pillars of Hercules, the farthest point that seafaring men dared go. Its symbol was an S, for Spain, with two vertical strokes that represented the famous Pillars.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • DOLLAR — Le dollar est l’unité monétaire des États Unis, mais aussi de plusieurs autres États (Australie, Nouvelle Zélande, Canada...). Ce qui frappe l’observateur, c’est évidemment la place que la devise américaine occupe sur la scène internationale.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dollar — dol‧lar [ˈdɒlə ǁ ˈdɑːlər] written abbreviation dol. noun [countable] 1. FINANCE the name of the currency unit used in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Singapore, and some other countries. The symbol for the dollar is $: •… …   Financial and business terms

  • Dollar — Dollar, seit 1792 in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika gesetzlich eingeführte, in 100 Cents geteilte Münzeinheit. Abkürzung (Zeichen) für dieselbe: $ Der Golddollar ist nach dem Gesetz von 1837 = 23,22 engl. Troygrains oder 1,505 g Feingold …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Dollar —    DOLLAR, a town and parish, in the county of Clackmannan; containing 1562 inhabitants, of whom 1131 are in the town, 7 miles (N. E.) from Alloa. This place, of which the name, in the Gaelic language, is descriptive either of a vale at the base… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • dollar — dol lar, n. [D. daalder, LG. dahler, G. thaler, an abbreviation of Joachimsthaler, i. e., a piece of money first coined, about the year 1518, in the valley (G. thal) of St. Joachim, in Bohemia. See {Dale}.] 1. (a) A silver coin of the United… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dollar — (n.) 1550s, from Low Ger. daler, from Ger. taler (1530s, later thaler), abbreviation of Joachimstaler, lit. (gulden) of Joachimstal, coin minted 1519 from silver from mine opened 1516 near Joachimstal, town in Erzgebirge Mountains in northwest… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Dollar — Dollar, eine nordamerikanische Silbermünze, ähnlich unserm Thaler, aber im Werthe von 1 Thlr. 9–10 Gr. Conv. M. Der Dollar hat 10 Dimes oder 100 Cents …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Dollar — Dollar: Der Name der Währungseinheit (in den USA, in Kanada und Australien) wurde im 19. Jh. aus amerik. engl. dollar entlehnt, das selbst aus niederd. dāler (= nhd. ↑ Taler) stammt …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Dollar — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Bsp.: • Der Flug kostete 300 Dollar …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • dollar — [däl′ər] n. [LowG & Fl daler < Ger thaler (now taler), contr. < Joachimsthaler, coin made (orig. in 1519) at (St.) Joachimstal, Bohemia < (St.) Joachim + thal, tal, valley: see DALE ] ☆ 1. the basic monetary unit of the U.S., equal to… …   English World dictionary

  • Dollar — (spr. doll r; Zeichen: $), Geldeinheit in den Ver. Staaten von Amerika. Der Silber D. wurde nach Einführung der Goldwährung (1853) zur bloßen Handelsmünze (sog. Standard D.), bis er infolge der Blandbill unbeschränkten Zwangskurs erhielt. Der D.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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