Atlas
   The term Atlas is used chiefly for a book of map a size of paper, and the first vertebra of the neck. The name Atlas is attributed to a mythological character, one of the Titans who tried to overthrow Zeus but failed. The punishment meted out to him for his part in the conspiracy was to hold up the pillars of heaven for the rest of his days. Because he was an immortal god, his days went on forever.
   Hercules graciously offered to support the heavens for a while if Atlas would obtain for him the golden apples guarded by the Hesperides. Atlas agreed and felt renewed without the heavens on his shoulders. He then stole the apples from the garden where they grew, returned to Hercules, and offered to take them back home for him. Hercules thought he detected a trick, and so he told Atlas to hold up the heavens while he found a pad for his shoulders. When Atlas took over, Hercules departed with the apples, never to return, leaving a raging Titan with his burden. The story of Atlas and his mythic burden has many versions. One is that Atlas, after holding up the world for centuries, became faint from weakness. One day Perseus, carrying the head of Medusa, flew by. Atlas, knowing that anyone who looked at Medusa would be turned to stone, begged Perseus to let him look at her. Perseus agreed, Atlas looked, was petrified, and became the Atlas Mountains, which extend for 1,500 miles along the coast of North Africa.
   In the sixteenth century, the Flemish cartographer Gerhardus Mercator put a figure of Atlas supporting the world on his shpulders on the title page of his first collection of maps. The idea appealed to other publishers of geography books, who then adopted a similar picture for the title page of their books.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • atlas — atlas …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • ATLAS — (griech. Träger) bezeichnet: Atlas (Gebirge), ein Gebirge in Nordwest Afrika Atlas (Kartografie), ein kartografisches Werk in meist gebundener Form Atlas, eine Sammlung von Bildtafeln oder Bilddaten als ein grafisches oder elektronisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Atlas — (griech. Träger) steht für: Atlas (Gebirge), ein Gebirge in Nordwest Afrika Atlas (Kartografie), ein kartografisches Werk in meist gebundener Form Atlas, eine Sammlung von Bildtafeln oder Bilddaten als ein grafisches oder elektronisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • atlas — [ atlas ] n. m. • 1585; nom d un personnage de la myth. gr. et lat. que l on représentait portant la voûte céleste sur ses épaules 1 ♦ Recueil de cartes géographiques (dont le frontispice représentait Atlas, à l origine). Atlas de la France.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ATLAS — (détecteur) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Atlas. Le détecteur ATLAS vers la fin février 2006 ATLAS (acronyme de A Toroidal LHC Apparat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Atlas — ATLAS, antis, Gr. Ἄτλας, αντος, (⇒ Tab. I. & ⇒ VIII.) 1 §. Namen. Diesen hat er nach einigen von τλῆναι tragen, und zwar durch Letterwechsel, also, daß Ἄτλας, so viel, als τᾶλας, sey, und einen bedeute, der etwas trägt. Voss. Etymol. sub Telamon… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Atlas — {{Atlas}} Sohn des Iapetos*, Bruder des Menoitios*, Prometheus* und Epimetheus*, Vater der Nymphe Kalypso*, der Hesperiden*, Pleiaden* und Hyaden*, ein Riese, der am Westrand des Erdkreises mit Haupt und Händen das Himmelsgewölbe tragen muß, weil …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Atlas — At las, n.; pl. {Atlases}. [L. Atlas, antis, Gr. ?, ?, one of the older family of gods, who bears up the pillars of heaven; also Mt. Atlas, in W. Africa, regarded as the pillar of heaven. It is from the root of tlh^nai to bear. See {Tolerate}.] 1 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ATLAS — первый компьютер, в котором была реализована концепция виртуальной памяти ATLAS  эксперимент в области физики высоких энергий ATLAS суперкомпьютер в вымышленной вселенной StarCraft. Atlas вымышленный робот из игры Portal 2 Microsoft… …   Википедия

  • atlas — (plural atlas) sustantivo masculino 1. Libro que contiene una colección de mapas geográficos: Busca en el atlas dónde están los Pirineos. 2. Libro con una colección de láminas de un tema determinado: atlas de anatomía, atlas de la fauna ibérica.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • atlas — m. anat. Primera vértebra cervical. Medical Dictionary. 2011. atlas término utilizado para definir un conjunto de informaciones, generalme …   Diccionario médico

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