Edison
   , EDISON EFFECT
   Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) was one of the most productive American inventors. He invented many electrical devices and systems that played an important role in the development of modern, near-universally available electrical power distribution systems. Writing about Edison could fill a volume. When he died, the New York Times devoted four and a half pages to his obituary.
   Edison was born in Milan, Ohio. He set up a laboratory in his father's basement when he was only ten years old. At age twelve he began selling newspapers and candy on trains. After having served as a roving reporter, he became the night operator for the Western Union Telegraph Company. Later he was commissioned to improve the stock ticker at the Gold Exchange. With the money he earned he set up an industrial research laboratory. What resulted from his efforts thereafter showed his genius. He invented the phonograph, the light bulb, and he perfected motionpicture equipment. And he accidentally discovered the principle of the radio vacuum tube that made radio and television possible, which came to be known as the "Edison effect."
   According to his fans, the Wizard of Menlo Park, as Edison was called, could build anything in his West Orange laboratory from "a lady's watch to a locomotive." Edison has been immortalized by the name of a number of towns, by the great respect and gratitude that people had for him, and, although he's long gone, by the people now enjoying the many benefits that came from his inventive mind.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Edison — Edison, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 154 Housing Units (2000): 89 Land area (2000): 0.259090 sq. miles (0.671039 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.259090 sq. miles (0.671039 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Edison — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Edison peut désigner : Thomas Edison (1847 1931), scientifique et inventeur américain, pionnier de l électricité ; Harry Sweets… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edison —   [ edɪsn], Thomas Alva, amerikanischer Erfinder, * Milan (Ohio) 11. 2. 1847, ✝ West Orange (N. J.) 18. 10. 1931. Edison leistete als Autodidakt auf den verschiedensten Gebieten der Technik Pionierarbeit und meldete mehr als 1 000 Patente an.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Edison — Si la finale (son = fils) est facile à comprendre, le premier élément est plus obscur. Parmi les diverses possibilités, notons la racine germanique edel (= noble), l ancien anglais ead (= prospérité) ou encore une forme courte d Adam. Le… …   Noms de famille

  • Edison — (spr. éddiß n), Thomas Alwa, Elektrotechniker, geb. 10. Febr. 1847 zu Milan in Ohio, begann seine Laufbahn als Zeitungsjunge an den Bahnzügen Michigans und Kanadas, beschäftigte sich dabei mit Chemie und sing an, auf der Eisenbahn selbst eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edison — (spr. éddiß n), Thomas Alva, amerik. Physiker, geb. 10. Febr. 1847 zu Milan (Ohio), erst Zeitungsbursche, dann Telegraphist, gründete in Newark bei Neuyork eine Fabrik zur Herstellung der von ihm erfundenen Maschinen, 1876 eine Werkstatt in Menlo …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edison — Thomas Alva …   Scientists

  • Edison — Edison, Thomas Alva …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edison — (Thomas Alva) (1847 1931) inventeur américain. Autodidacte, il perfectionna la lampe à incandescence, inventa le phonographe (1877), déposa plus de mille brevets. Il a découvert l effet thermoélectronique (émission d électrons par les métaux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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