Latin Augustus means enerable, a title conferred by the Senate in 27 B.C. on Gaius Octavianus, who thus became the first Roman emperor. He then changed his name to Augustus Caesar and was the founder of the Imperial Roman government. Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar, for whom the month of July, consisting of thirty-one days, had been named. The month named for Octavianus was August, originally Sextilis, the sixth month in the old Roman calendar, which started in March. As Augustus Caesar, he resented the fact that July was longer than his month. He therefore stole a day from February so that August would also have thirty-one days.
   The Augustan Age, which began approximately in 43 B.C. and continued to about A.D. 18, was marked by peace, the historic "Pax Romana," and was indeed the most illustrious period in Roman history. Its writers were brilliant, polished, and sophisticated. Vergil published his Georgics and completed the Aeneid; Horace, his Odes, Books I-III, and Epistels, Book I. Livy began his monumental history of Rome; Ovid, the author of Metamorphoses, a mythological history of the world from the creation to the Augustan Age.
   "Augustan Age" came to be applied to the apogee of any nation's cultural achievements, primarily to its "classical" period in literature.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.


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  • August —  August …   Hochdeutsch - Plautdietsch Wörterbuch

  • August — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda August hace referencia a: August Krogh, fisiólogo danés, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1920; August Strindberg, escritor y dramaturgo sueco; Richard August Carl Emil Erlenmeyer, químico alemán; Svante August Arrhenius …   Wikipedia Español

  • August — Au*gust , a. [L. augustus; cf. augere to increase; in the language of religion, to honor by offerings: cf. F. auguste. See {Augment}.] Of a quality inspiring mingled admiration and reverence; having an aspect of solemn dignity or grandeur;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • August — August, männlicher Taufname, Verkürzung des lat. Augustus (franz. Auguste, engl. Augustus, ital. Augusto oder Agosto, span. Augusto). Bemerkenswerte Fürsten dieses Namens sind: [Braunschweig.] 1) A. der jüngere, Herzog zu Braunschweig… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • august — *august germ.?, Maskulinum: nhd. August; ne. August; Interferenz: Lehnwort lat. Augustus; Etymologie: s. lat. (mēnsis) Augustus, Maskulinum, August; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • August — Au gust, n. [L. Augustus. See note below, and {August}, a.] The eighth month of the year, containing thirty one days. [1913 Webster] Note: The old Roman name was Sextilis, the sixth month from March, the month in which the primitive Romans, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • August — August, CA U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 7808 Housing Units (2000): 2614 Land area (2000): 1.293814 sq. miles (3.350964 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.293814 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • August — eighth month, 1097, from L. Augustus (mensis), sixth month of the later Roman calendar, renamed from Sextilis in 8 B.C.E. to honor emperor Augustus Caesar, lit. Venerable Caesar (see AUGUST (Cf. august) (adj.)). In England, the name replaced… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Augúst — (Erntemonat, Ährenmonat, lat. Augustus), der achte Monat im christlichen, der sechste im altrömischen Kalender (daher Sextilis), gegenwärtig 31 Tage lang. Seinen Namen erhielt er 7 v. Chr. bei Berichtigung des Schaltwesens vom Kaiser Augustus,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • August — August, oft auch Augúst, genit. s, dat. Augusten, ein männlicher Taufnahme, aus dem Lat. Augustus …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • August — Sm std. (8. Jh.), mhd. ougest, ahd. augusto, mndd. owest, au(g)st, mndl. oust Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. (mēnsis) Augustus. Von den Römern so benannt zu Ehren des Kaisers Octavian, der den Namen Augustus (eigentlich der Erhabene ) als Beinamen… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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