Fahrenheit
   Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (1686-1736) invented the thermometer. Fahrenheit was born in Gdansk, Poland, of German parents and was orphaned at fifteen. With little schooling, he wandered around Europe to learn from amateur scientists, finally settling in Amsterdam. Failing at the merchant's career for which his father trained him, he devoted himself to the study of physics and the manufacture of meteorological instruments. He invented an alcohol thermometer jn 1709, and a mercury thermometer in 1714.
   Because of his invention, Fahrenheit was so greatly respected by the academic community that, despite his lack of formal education, he was admitted to the British Royal Society in 1736, shortly before his death at age fifty.
   Fahrenheit's temperature scale was based on a normal body temperature of 96 degrees, later corrected to 98.6 degrees, the freezing of water at 32 degrees, and the boiling point of water at 212 degrees. "Whether these degrees are high enough for the hottest fevers, I have not examined," he wrote. "I do not think, however, that the degrees named will ever be exceeded in any fever."

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Fahrenheit — (físico alemán) V. «escala Fahrenheit, grado Fahrenheit». * * * Fahrenheit. □ V. grado Fahrenheit. * * * Fahrenheit, Gabriel Daniel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fahrenheit — Fah ren*heitprop. a. [G.] Conforming to the scale used by Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit in the graduation of his thermometer; of or relating to Fahrenheit s thermometric scale. Used as an alternative to {celsius}. n. The Fahrenheit thermometer or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fahrenheit — (Gabriel Daniel) (1686 1736) physicien allemand. Il donna son nom à une échelle de température (encore cour. employée en G. B., aux È. U. et au Canada): au 0 °C correspond le 32 °F et au 100 °C le 212 °F. fahrenheit [faʀɛnajt] n. et adj. invar.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Fahrenheit — [fer′ən hīt΄] adj. [after G. D. Fahrenheit (1686 1736), Ger physicist who devised the scale] designating or of a thermometer on which 32° is the freezing point and 212° is the boiling point of water: abbrev. F: the formula for converting a… …   English World dictionary

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  • Fahrenheit — 1753, named for Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (1686 1736), Prussian physicist who proposed the scale in 1714. An abstract surname meaning lit. experience …   Etymology dictionary

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