Farad
   , FARADAY
   Michael Faraday (1791-1867), the son of a blacksmith, had no chance to go to school, for he was born near London into extreme poverty. He was apprenticed to a bookbinder. But Faraday's interests in the physical sciences drove him to high levels; he educated himself by reading and attending lectures. He became a physicist and chemist whose many experiments contributed greatly to the understanding of electromagnetism.
   Faraday was ingenious. He collected his notes taken from the chemistry lectures of Sir Humphry Davy, added illustrations, bound them, and sent them off to Davy, together with a request to become an assistant. Davy made Faraday, at age 21, his assistant at the Royal Institution. Faraday became one of the immortals of science. He discovered the principle of the electric motor and built a primitive model. Two years later he became the first to liquefy chlorine. His next move—one of his greatest—led him to discover electromagnetic induction, the production of electric current by a change in magnetic intensity. He produced the first stainless steel and discovered benzene and butylene.
   Faraday was a devoted scientist and a modest man. Although elected to the Royal Institute, he refused its presidency. Previously he had refused to be knighted, just as he had rejected other honors offered him. But he did succeed Davy as director of chemistry at the Royal Institution in London.
   In addition to the farad, also named for him is the faraday, a quantity of transferred electricity.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • farad — farad …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • farad — [ farad ] n. m. • 1874; du nom du physicien Faraday ♦ Unité de mesure de capacité électrique (symb. F). Un condensateur d un millionième de farad (1 μ F). ● farad nom masculin (de Faraday, nom propre) Unité SI de capacité électrique (symbole F)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Farad — ist die kohärente SI Einheit für die elektrische Kapazität. Sie wurde nach Michael Faraday benannt. Einheit Norm SI Einheit Einheitenname Farad Einheitenzeichen F Beschriebene Größe(n) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farad'n — Corrino Farad n Corrino Personnage de Dune …   Wikipédia en Français

  • farad — FARÁD, farazi, s.m. Unitate de măsură a capacităţii electrice (în sistemul de unităţi de măsură metru kilogram secundă amper), egală cu capacitatea unui condensator electric care acumulează o sarcină de un coulomb la tensiunea de un volt. – Din… …   Dicționar Român

  • Farád — Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fàrad — m fiz. SI jedinica električnog kapaciteta (simbol F), jedan farad je kapacitet kondenzatora koji nosi naboj od jednog coulomba pri potencijalnoj razlici od jednog volta (F = C/V), farad je vrlo velika jedinica za normalnu uporabu i stoga se češće …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • farad — fàrad m DEFINICIJA fiz. SI jedinica električnog kapaciteta (simbol F), jedan farad je kapacitet kondenzatora koji nosi naboj od jednog coulomba pri potencijalnoj razlici od jednog volta (F = C/V), farad je vrlo velika jedinica za normalnu uporabu …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Farad — Far ad, n. [From Michael Faraday, the English electrician.] (Elec.) The standard unit of electrical capacity; the capacity of a condenser whose charge, having an electro motive force of one volt, is equal to the amount of electricity which, with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Farad — (F.), Einheit der elektrischen Kapazität, ausgedrückt durch die Kapazität eines Kondensators, der durch 1 Coulomb auf 1 Volt geladen wird; s. Elektrische Maßeinheiten, S. 642 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Farad — Farad, s. Maßsystem, absolutes …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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