Bakelite
   Ba elite is the trade name of one of the first plastics to come into wide use. It is a phenolic invented in 1907, and it came to be employed for all kinds of household items and ornaments, but its main use today is in electrical installations because it is a good insulator against heat and electric current. Bakelite can be molded into many shapes and is relatively inexpensive. Its use for handles and enclosure elements on kitchen wares, irons, and similar products has been widespread.
   Chemist Leo Hendrick Bakeland (1863-1944), born in Ghent, Belgium, came to the United States in 1889 and founded a company to manufacture paper called Velox. In 1909 he publicized the invention of Bakelite, a synthetic resin (a plastic used to harden rubber and celluloid) which he then manufactured for twenty years. Afterwards the name became generic for any phenolic plastic, regardless of the manufacturer. This Flemish chemist s often spoken of as the father of the modern plastics industry because f the practical application of his discoveries.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Bakelite — Bakélite Structure de la Bakelite Bakélite est la marque d un matériau constitué à partir d une résine de formaldéhyde de phénol thermodurcissable, dont la nomenclature chimique officielle est anhydrure de polyoxybenzylméthylèneglycol, développé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bakelite — (pronEng|ˈbеɪkɨlaɪt) is a material based on the thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, developed in 1907–1909 by Belgian Dr. Leo Baekeland. Formed by the reaction under heat and pressure of phenol (a toxic,… …   Wikipedia

  • bakélite — [ bakelit ] n. f. • 1907; marque déposée, de Baekeland, nom de l inventeur ♦ Résine synthétique, matière plastique qui imite l ambre, obtenue en traitant le formol par le phénol. Manche de casserole en bakélite. ● Bakélite nom féminin (nom déposé …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bakelite — n. a thermosetting plastic used in electric insulators and for making plastic ware and telephone receivers etc. [trademark] [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bakelite — Bakelite, Name für Phenol Formaldehyd Harze, nach dem Erfinder Bakeland benannt, der als erster diese Produkte in drei verschiedenen Formen herstellte, bezw. es ermöglichte, aus einem und demselben Grundmaterial drei sich hinsichtlich der… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Bakelite — Bakelite. См. Бакелит. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • bakelite — type of plastic widely used early 20c., 1909, from Ger. Bakelit, named for Belgian born U.S. physicist Leo Baekeland (1863 1944), who invented it. Originally a proprietary name, it is formed by the condensation of a phenol with an aldehyde …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bakelite — ☆ Bakelite [bā′kə līt΄, bāk′līt΄ ] [after L. H. Baekeland (1863 1944), U.S. chemist, born in Belgium] trademark for any of various synthetic resins and plastics, esp. ones made from formaldehyde and phenol n. [b ] such a resin …   English World dictionary

  • Bakelite® — /bāˈkə līt/ noun A synthetic resin with high chemical and electrical resistance, made by condensation of cresol or phenol with formaldehyde ORIGIN: LH Baekeland (1863–1944), its American inventor …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bakélite — Structure de la Bakelite Bakélite est la marque d un matériau de la classe des phénoplastes dont la nomenclature chimique officielle est anhydrure de polyoxybenzylméthylèneglycol. Ce fut le premier plastique fait de polymères synthétiques.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bakelite — Bakelit ist ein duroplastischer Kunststoff auf der Basis von Phenolharz und wurde 1907 von dem belgischen Chemiker Leo Hendrik Baekeland entdeckt und nach ihm benannt. Der hitzestabile Phenoplast Werkstoff Bakelit war der erste industriell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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