Hooker
   How the word hooker came to mean "prostitute" has never been satisfactorily established. Willard R. Espy says that the word harlot is descended from Old German Hari, "army," and Lot, "loiterer," a camp follower. But hooker, some believe, evolved because British ships used to sail to the Hook of Holland. Ladies of the night, and perhaps of the day, too, lay in wait (or, as Espy put it, "stood in wait, and lay afterward") to please their customers. Some authorities subscribe to the belief that a hooker was so called because she hooked her curved parasol handle into the arm of male passersby.
   John Ciardi says the word arose as a bit of British slang. London Labour and London Poor, published in four volumes (1851-1862) in London by Henry Mayhew, who also published the magazine Punch, reported this statement: "We hooks a white collar (a clergyman) now and then," and from another, "I've hooked many a man by showing an ankle on a wet day." Was this an analogy to hooking a fish? Or did the word come from a notorious New York City waterfront neighborhood called "Hook," where vice was known to be rampant?
   The belief that describing a lady of pleasure as a hooker arose because of "Fighting Joe," a Union general who put the red-light district in Washington off limits, is considered by most wordsmiths to be a case of folk etymology. The general's name was Joseph Hooker, but that is as far as the connection goes. Furthermore, William Morris confirmed that "hooker" appeared in print at least once before the Civil War, in 1859. Morris decided to write to his friend Bruce Catton, one of the nation's foremost authorities on the Civil War. Morris noted that General Hooker's reputation was not of the highest and quoted Charles Francis Adams, Jr., as calling him a "man of blemished character . . . whose headquarters was a place to which no self-respecting man liked to go, and no decent woman could go—a combination of barroom and brothel." Here is Catton's comment:
   That business about Joe Hooker and the soiled doves of Civil War Washington pops up every so often. I agree with you that the term "hooker" did not originate during the Civil War, but it certainly became popular then. During these war years, Washington developed a large and segregated district—the word "segregated" had a different meaning as used then—somewhere south of Constitution Avenue. This became known as Hooker's Division in tribute to the proclivities of General Hooker and the name has stuck ever since.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hooker — ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Charles E. Hooker (1825–1914), US amerikanischer Politiker Earl Hooker (1929 oder 1930–1970), US amerikanischer Bluesmusiker Evelyn Hooker (1907–1996), US amerikanische Psychologin J. Murray Hooker (1873–1940) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hooker — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase William Jackson Hooker. Hooker, talonador, enganchador o júquer (en inglés, hooker), es una posición del rugby XV. Es el jugador que se sitúa entre los dos pilares en la primera …   Wikipedia Español

  • hooker — (n.) prostitute, often traced to the disreputable morals of the Army of the Potomac (American Civil War) under the tenure of Gen. Fighting Joe Hooker (early 1863), and the word might have been popularized by this association at that time (though… …   Etymology dictionary

  • HOOKER (R.) — HOOKER RICHARD (1554 env. 1600) Théologien anglican qui se montra favorable à l’organisation de l’Église d’Angleterre telle que l’entendait Élisabeth (1558 1603), Richard Hooker, né à Heavitree, près d’Exeter, fit ses études à Oxford, devint… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hooker — Hooker, OK U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 1788 Housing Units (2000): 812 Land area (2000): 0.912075 sq. miles (2.362264 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.912075 sq. miles (2.362264 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hooker, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 1788 Housing Units (2000): 812 Land area (2000): 0.912075 sq. miles (2.362264 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.912075 sq. miles (2.362264 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hooker — Hook er, n. 1. One who, or that which, hooks. [1913 Webster] 2. (Naut.) (a) A Dutch vessel with two masts. (b) A fishing boat with one mast, used on the coast of Ireland. (c) A sailor s contemptuous term for any antiquated craft. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hooker [1] — Hooker (Schiffsw.), so v.w. Huker …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hooker [2] — Hooker (spr. Huker), 1) Richard, geb. 1553 in Exeter, studirte in Oxford, war erst hier Professor der Hebräischen Sprache, wurde 1584 Pfarrer an einer Kirche in Buckinghamshire u. Prediger in London; seit 1591 lebte er in Boscomb in Wiltshire u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hooker — (spr. hucker), 1) Sir William Jackson, Botaniker, geb. 6. Juli 1785 in Norwich, gest. 12. Aug. 1865 in Kew, bereiste 1809 Island und wurde 1815 Professor in Glasgow und 1839 Direktor des Botanischen Gartens in Kew, der unter seiner Leitung das… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hooker — Hooker, Mount (spr. maunt hucker), Berg im Felsengebirge in Nordamerika, zwischen Brit. Columbia und dem Distr. Alberta, ca. 2750 m hoch; hier Quelle des Athabasca und des Columbia …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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