Barnum
   , BARNUMISM
   "It's the greatest show on Earth." Very possibly. But who said it? Bamum himself, the mastermind of the Barnum & Bailey Circus, which later was merged to form part of Ringling Bros, and Barnum & Bailey Circus. Was Barnum being honest? Perhaps. But he is also reputed to have said, "There's a sucker born every minute." And he never denied getting people moved out of his exhibit to make room for others by shouting, "Here's he way to the egress." Those who followed his suggestion, expecting to see something, found themselves outside the exhibition hall and unable to return. And is it true that he whitewashed an ordinary elephant and paraded it as a white elephant from Siam? To be barnumized is to be classed as a sucker.
   Phineas Taylor Barnum (1810-1891) was born in Bethel, Connecticut, the son of a farmer. He failed in several undertakings, but in 1835 he took the step that would make him one of the country's greatest impresarios. He began his career as a showman by successfully, but fraudulently, promoting Aunt Joice Heth as the nurse to George Washington. This made her at that time 162 years old, and yet thousands paid to see her. Barnum must have been right; a sucker is born every minute. Barnum was first with many novel and exciting show pieces. He exhibited Tom Thumb, a twenty-five-inch midget. He brought over Jenny Lind, a Swedish soprano, calling her "The Swedish Nightingale." He showcased Jumbo, the biggest elephant on earth, so he said (and gave a new word, Jumbo, to the American language), and his exhibit of the Siamese twins Chang and Eng was a constant source of wonder. Barnum, America's most famous showman, relished fleecing the public (barnumism is a synonym for "humbuggery") and didn't object to his title "The Prince of Humbugs."

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Barnum — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Barnum (Iowa) Barnum (Minnesota) Barnum (New York) Barnum (Texas) Barnum (West Virginia) Barnum (Wisconsin) Barnum (Wyoming) Barnum Corners (New York) Barnum Island (New York) Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barnum — can refer to: *Barnum, Iowa, a city in Iowa *Barnum, Minnesota, a city in Minnesota *Barnum Township, Minnesota, a township Carlton County, Minnesota *P. T. Barnum (Phineas T. Barnum), showman and a founder of Ringling Bros. and Barnum Bailey… …   Wikipedia

  • barnum — ● barnum nom masculin Édicule où se tient un vendeur de journaux et qui, à la différence du kiosque, ne peut guère abriter qu une seule personne. Barnum (Phineas Taylor) (1810 1891) créateur américain d un cirque (1871). ⇒BARNUM, subst. masc. A.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Barnum — Barnum, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 195 Housing Units (2000): 70 Land area (2000): 0.316622 sq. miles (0.820046 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.316622 sq. miles (0.820046 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Barnum, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 195 Housing Units (2000): 70 Land area (2000): 0.316622 sq. miles (0.820046 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.316622 sq. miles (0.820046 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Barnum, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 525 Housing Units (2000): 249 Land area (2000): 1.010145 sq. miles (2.616263 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.010145 sq. miles (2.616263 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Barnum — (spr. Barnomm), P. Taylor, der König des Humbugs, geb. am 5. Juli 1810 zu Danbury in Connecticut von armen Eltern; nach dem Tode seines Vaters 1826 war er aus sich selbst angewiesen u. mußte sich sein tägliches Brod zu verdienen suchen; er wurde… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barnum — Barnum, Phineas Taylor, amerikan. Spekulant, der »König des Humbugs«, geb. 5. Juli 1810 zu Bethel im Staate Connecticut, gest. 7. April 1891 in Bridgeport, kaufte 1842 Scudders »Amerikanisches Museum« in New York, das er durch Ausstellung immer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barnum — (spr. bárnömm), Phineas Taylor, amerik. Spekulant, der Hauptvertreter des »Humbug«, geb. 5. Juli 1810 zu Bethel (Connecticut), gest. 7. April 1891 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barnum —   [ bɑːnəm], Phineas Taylor, amerikanischer Schausteller, * Bethel (Conneticut) 5. 7. 1810, ✝ Bridgeport (Conneticut) 7. 4. 1891; machte das »Amerikanische Museum«, New York, durch Zurschaustellung von immer neuen Merkwürdigkeiten zu einer… …   Universal-Lexikon

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