Brougham
   Some automobile manufacturers make a model they call a brougham. It's usually a distinguished, more expensive model. At one time broughams were built with no roof over the chauffeur's section. It was quite a snazzy-looking car, even though the chauffeur had a problem when it rained.
   The car style derived from a carriage style. The horse-drawn brougham was one of the most popular styles during the days before the gasolinefired motor. It consisted of a four-wheel carriage—a closed, low-slung cab for two passengers—drawn by one horse, with the driver's seat high above the wheels. It was named in honor of Henry Peter Brougham, Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868), a leading legal reformer in the nineteenth century. Brougham, born in Scotland, was a versatile and brilliant man—a noted lawyer, orator, politician, writer, and a remarkable wit. He was most remembered for his defense of Queen Caroline against the charge of her husband, the regent and later King George IV, that she was guilty of adultery.
   Some people say that the four-wheeled carriage with an open driver's seat got its name because Brougham was frequently seen in this "garden chair on wheels," often in the company of Disraeli or Gladstone. As they drove by, the townspeople would say, "There goes Brougham." It didn't take long before the vehicle itself was called a brougham after its distinguished occupant.
   The brougham became a public service vehicle and was London's most popular means of transport until eclipsed by the hansom cab.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Brougham — could be*Brougham (band), a rap rock/nu metal band. *Brougham (carriage) *Brougham body, an automobile body style:*Cadillac Brougham *Brougham, Cumbria *Brougham, Ontario *Brougham Castle, Cumbria. *Baron Brougham and Vaux is a title in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Brougham — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Henry Brougham, 1. Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778–1868), britischer Staatsmann Henry J. Brougham (1888–1923), britischer Racketspieler John Brougham (1814–1880), britischer Schauspieler und Dramatiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • brougham — ● brougham nom masculin (de Brougham, nom propre) Véhicule hippomobile très léger à deux roues ayant une caisse basse, un siège à deux places et muni d une capote. ⇒BROUGHAM, subst. masc. ,,Petite voiture à deux ou quatre roues, à caisse très… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brougham —   [brʊm], Henry Peter, 1. Baron Brougham and Vaux [ ən vɔːks] (seit 1830), britischer Politiker (Whig) und Rechtsanwalt, * Edinburgh 19. 9. 1778, ✝ Cannes 7. 5. 1868; Mitglied des Unterhauses (1810 12, 1816 30), Lordkanzler (1830 34). 1820… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Brougham — [brum, bru:m] der; s, s <nach dem britischen Politiker H. P. Brougham (1778 1868)> svw. ↑Broom …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • brougham — 1851, one horse closed carriage with two or four wheels, for two or four persons, from first Lord Brougham (1778 1868). The family name is from a place in Westmoreland …   Etymology dictionary

  • brougham — ► NOUN historical 1) a horse drawn carriage with a roof, four wheels, and an open driver s seat in front. 2) a motor car with an open driver s seat. ORIGIN named after Lord Brougham (1778 1868), who designed the carriage …   English terms dictionary

  • brougham — [bro͞om, brōm; bro͞o′əm, brō′əm] n. [after Lord Brougham (1778 1868), Brit political leader] 1. a closed, four wheeled carriage with the driver s seat outside 2. any of certain early types of automobile; esp., a) an electrically powered… …   English World dictionary

  • Brougham — Brough am, n. A light, enclosed carriage, with seats inside for two or four, and the fore wheels so arranged as to turn short. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brougham — (spr. Bruhm), Henry B. and Vaux, Lord Edinburgh, geb. 1779 in der Grafschaft Westmoreland auf seinem väterlichen Gute, wurde in Edinburgh bei seinem Oheim, dem Historiker Robertson, erzogen; trat 1803 als Sachwalter in den schottischen Gerichten… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Brougham — (engl., spr. bruhm), fälschlich Broom, zweisitziger geschlossener leichter Kutschwagen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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