Bunsen Burner
   , BUNSENITE
   Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (1811-1899) was a professor of chemistry at the University of Heidelberg for thirty-seven years. He is credited with having invented the Bunsen burner, but other scientists helped in its design. Together with Gustave Kirchhoff, Bunsen also developed the spectroscope, which enables scientists to engage in spectrum analysis. Utilizing spectrum analysis, these men discovered the chemical elements cesium and rubidium. Bunsen in addition invented the calorimeter and the carbon- zinc electric cell, which is called a Bunsen cell. The Bunsen burner, from a design by Michael Faraday, has been the burner in science laboratories ever since its invention. It is a gas burner consisting of a metal tube on a stand and a long rubber hose that connects the metal tube to a gas jet. Two openings at the bottom of the tube control the amount of air that mixes with the gas before burning so that it produces a flame without smoke. This principle has been applied to the common gas stove.
   Bunsen has been further honored by having a nickel monoxide named for him — bunsenite.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bunsen burner — Bun sen burn er, Bunsen s burner Bun sen s burn er(Chem.), a kind of burner, invented by Professor Bunsen of Heidelberg, consisting of a straight tube, four or five inches in length, having small holes for the entrance of air at the bottom.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bunsen burner — ► NOUN ▪ a small adjustable gas burner used in laboratories. ORIGIN named after the German chemist Robert Bunsen (1811 99) …   English terms dictionary

  • Bunsen burner — [bun′sən] n. [after BUNSEN Robert Wilhelm] a small gas burner that produces a hot, blue flame, used in chemistry laboratories, etc.: it consists of a hollow metal tube with holes at the bottom for admitting air to be mixed with the gas …   English World dictionary

  • Bunsen burner — 1879, named for Prof. Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (1811 1899) of Heidelberg, who invented it in 1855. He also was co inventor of the spectroscope …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bunsen burner — Infobox Laboratory equipment name = Bunsen Burner caption = A Bunsen Burner with needle valve. The hose barb for the gas tube is facing left and the needle valve for gas flow adjustment is on the opposite side. The air inlet on this particular… …   Wikipedia

  • Bunsen burner — a type of gas burner, commonly used in chemical laboratories, with which a very hot, practically nonluminous flame is obtained by allowing air to enter at the base and mix with the gas. [1865 70; named after R. W. BUNSEN] * * *   device for… …   Universalium

  • Bunsen burner — A gas lamp supplied with lateral openings admitting sufficient air so that the carbon is completely burned, thus giving a very hot but only slightly luminous flame. [RW Bunsen, 1811–1899] * * * Bun·sen burn·er bən(t) sən .bər nər n a gas burner… …   Medical dictionary

  • Bunsen burner — UK [ˌbʌns(ə)n ˈbɜː(r)nə(r)] / US [ˈbʌnsən ˌbɜrnər] noun [countable] Word forms Bunsen burner : singular Bunsen burner plural Bunsen burners science a piece of equipment that produces a gas flame, used for scientific experiments in a laboratory …   English dictionary

  • Bunsen burner — Bunzeno degiklis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Bunsen burner vok. Bunsenbrenner, m rus. бунзеновская горелка, f; горелка Бунзена, f pranc. brûleur Bunsen, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Bunsen burner — dujų degiklis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Laboratorinis įtaisas liepsnai gauti deginant dujas. atitikmenys: angl. Bunsen burner; gas burner rus. газовая горелка ryšiai: sinonimas – Bunzeno degiklis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”