Celsius
   , CELSIUS SCALE
   The centigrade thermometer has two constant degrees, a freezing point of water, namely 0°, and its boiling point, 100°. It is sometimes called the Celsius scale in honor of the person who simplified the Fahrenheit scale, which has a freezing point of 32° and a boiling point of 212°. The centigrade temperature scale (its name was changed to Celsius in 1948 by a world conference on weights and measures) was an invention of Anders Celsius (1701-1744), born in Uppsala, Sweden. The son of an astronomy professor, young Celsius, after teaching mathematics, followed in his father's footsteps: He became a professor of astronomy at the University of Uppsala, where he devised the scale that bears his name. Celsius published a collection of 316 observations of the aurora borealis, or northern lights, and in 1744 built the Uppsala Observatory. He subsequently was able to verify through the measurement of a meridian in Lapland that Newton's hypothesis that the poles were somewhat flattened was correct.
   Celsius first described the Celsius scale in a paper he read before the Swedish Academy of Science in 1742. Today the mercury thermometer patterned on this thermometric scale is the favored method in Europe of determining meterological temperature as well as the temperature of human beings.
   Centigrade temperature can be converted to Fahrenheit by multiplying the centigrade reading by 1.8 and adding 32 to the result.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Celsius — Celsius …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Celsius — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Celsius puede referirse a: Anders Celsius, físico y astrónomo sueco. Grado Celsius, unidad de medida de temperatura creada por el físico Celsius. Olof Celsius, botánico, lingüista, estudioso de las runas y párroco… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Celsius — (físico y astrónomo sueco) V. «escala Celsius, grado Celsius». * * * Celsius. □ V. grado Celsius. * * * Celsius, Anders …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Celsius — (Anders) (1701 1744) astronome suédois. || PHYS échelle Celsius: échelle thermométrique centésimale dont le point 0 correspond à la température de la glace fondante et le point 100 à celle de l ébullition de l eau sous la pression atmosphérique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Celsius — Cel si*us, n. The Celsius thermometer or scale, so called from Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer, who invented it. It is the same as the centigrade thermometer or scale. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Celsius — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ of or denoting a scale of temperature on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100°. USAGE Celsius rather than centigrade is the standard accepted term when giving temperatures. ORIGIN named after the Swedish astronomer Anders… …   English terms dictionary

  • Celsius — [sel′sē əs] adj. [after A. Celsius (1701 44), Swed astronomer, the inventor] designating or of a thermometer on which 0° is the freezing point and 100° is the boiling point of water; centigrade: the formula for converting a Celsius temperature to …   English World dictionary

  • Celsius — 1850, for Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701 1744) inventor of the centigrade scale …   Etymology dictionary

  • Celsius — adj. 2 g. 2 núm. [Física] Diz se da ou relativo à escala de temperatura em que o 0 corresponde ao ponto de congelação da água e 100 ao ponto de ebulição da água, sob pressão de uma atmosfera (símbolo: C).   ‣ Etimologia: Anders Celsius,… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Celsius — is a particular scale of temperature based on a hundred degrees from freezing to boiling, and is named (like Fahrenheit) after an 18c scientist. Note that centigrade is a generic term for any such scale, and has been displaced by the more exact… …   Modern English usage

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