Cyril
   , CYRILUC ALPHABET
   The alphabet used in the Soviet Union and some other Slavic countries is the Cyrillic alphabet, a modified Greek alphabet. The author of this invention has never been satisfactorily established, but the name Cyril has been attached to it, and it is commonly known as the Cyrillic alphabet. Saint Cyril (827-869) and Saint Methodius (825-885) were brothers and Greek churchmen. The brothers were born in Solon, a principal city in Macedonia, and their father was a nobleman of imperial Byzantium. Cyril's secular name was Constantine. He received a fine education and became a librarian to Hagia Sophia, a patriarch of the church, but resigned after a short time to enter a monastery where his brother was studying.
   Having acquired a knowledge of Slavic, the brothers were sent to teach the gospel to the Slavs in Moravia. Some time later, the neighboring Germans charged them with heresy. Pope Nicholas I recalled them and exonerated them. The brothers then began a translation of the liturgy and the Bible into Slavic. Saint Methodius actually finished the work, even though the name of the alphabet is Saint Cyril's. Constantine adopted the name Cyril during his last illness, Cyril being his patron saint.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Cyril — Gender Male Origin Word/Name Greek Other names Related names Cyryl, Cyrillus, Kiril Cyril (also Cyrillus or Cyryl) is a masculine given na …   Wikipedia

  • Cyril — m English: from the post classical Greek name Kyrillos, a derivative of kyrios lord. It was borne by a large number of early saints, most notably the theologians Cyril of Alexandria and Cyril of Jerusalem. It was also the name of one of the Greek …   First names dictionary

  • Cyril — Cyril, OK U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 1168 Housing Units (2000): 523 Land area (2000): 0.575779 sq. miles (1.491260 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.575779 sq. miles (1.491260 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cyril — Cyril1 [sir′əl] n. [LL Cyrillus < Gr Kyrillos, lit., lordly < kyrios, a lord: see CHURCH] a masculine name Cyril2 [sir′əl] 1. Saint (A.D. 376? 444); Christian theologian: archbishop of Alexandria (412 444): his day is June 27 2. Saint (born …   English World dictionary

  • Cyril — Cyrille Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cyrille est un nom propre qui se réfère à : Sommaire 1 Prénom et son origine 1.1 Variantes linguistiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cyril — /sir euhl/, n. 1. Saint ( Apostle of the Slavs ), A.D. 827 869, Greek missionary to the Moravians. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Burt Sir Cyril Lodowic Cyril and Methodius Saints Cyril of Alexandria Saint Cyril of Jerusalem …   Universalium

  • Cyril —    Patriarch of Alexandria (qq.v.) from 412 444, and arch opponent of Nestorianism (q.v.). He opposed Jews (q.v.) and pagans, indeed any rival to his ecclesiastical authority, and he was inclined to resort to violence and intrigue to overcome his …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Cyril — (as used in expressions) Burt, Sir Cyril (Lodowic) Darlington, Cyril Dean James, C(yril) L(ionel) R(obert) Parkinson, C(yril) Northcote Smith, Cyril Stanley Tourneur, Cyril …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cyril — noun Greek missionary; the invention of the Cyrillic alphabet is attributed to him (826 869) • Syn: ↑Saint Cyril, ↑St. Cyril • Hypernyms: ↑missionary * * * /sir euhl/, n. 1. Saint ( Apostle of the Slavs ) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cyril — noun /ˈsɪrəl/ ; best known for a ninth century missionary to the Slavs. Boxers, too, not so long ago a somewhat uncouth section of the community who were seldom if ever mistaken for members of the Vere de Vere family, have taken on a polish which …   Wiktionary

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