Dewey Decimal System
- One classification system used by libraries was devised by Melvil Dewey (1851-1931), the father of American library science. The number on the spine of a library book identifies its position on a shelf through a system known as the Dewey Decimal System, which is now employed by more than 85 percent of libraries in the United States.Dewey, born in Adams Center, New York, devised his classification apparatus while a student and acting librarian at Amherst College. In 1876, when Dewey was only in his twenties, he completed his method for classifying publications and published his system under the title Classification and Subject Index for Cataloguing and Arranging the Books and Pamphlets of a Library.Subsequently he helped found the American Library Association, the New York Library Association, and the Library Journal, for which he served as first editor. In 1883 Dewey became librarian of Columbia College (now Columbia University), where in 1887 he established the country's first professional school of library science.Dewey's system used numbers from 000 to 999, dividing the general fields of knowledge into nine main classes, all of which can be subdivided out to several decimal places.A system of classification was devised at the International Institute of Bibliography in Brussels. It extends the Dewey system, on which it is based, by using various symbols as well as Arabic numerals. The Library of Congress letter/number system provides more flexibility, however, for large collections.In 1889, Dewey introduced another innovation to facilitate the reading of books, the traveling library, now popularly called the "bookmobile." This system has been of particular importance to the rural community where access to public libraries is inconvenient.
Dictionary of eponyms. Morton S. Freeman. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dewey Decimal system — proposed 1876 by Melvil Dewey (1851 1931) while acting librarian of Amherst College. He also crusaded for simplified spelling and the metric system … Etymology dictionary
dewey decimal system — A numerical classification system of books employed by libraries. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005 … Law dictionary
Dewey decimal system — Dew|ey dec|i|mal sys|tem, the also the Dewey Decimal Classification a system used by libraries for putting books into groups according to their subject. General subjects (for example, sports) are given a number, and then particular parts of this… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Dewey decimal system — noun a system used by libraries to classify nonfictional publications into subject categories; the subject is indicated by a three digit numeral and further specification is given by numerals following a decimal point; publications are shelved by … Useful english dictionary
Dewey decimal system — noun see Dewey decimal classification … New Collegiate Dictionary
Dewey decimal system — n. system of library classification of books according to their subjects (using 3 digit numbers and decimals) … English contemporary dictionary
Decimal system — may refer to: The decimal (base ten) number system, used in mathematics for writing numbers and performing arithmetic. The Dewey Decimal System, a subject classification system used in libraries. The decimal currency system, where each unit of… … Wikipedia
Dewey Decimal Classification — For the similar sounding base 12 numeral system, see Duodecimal. Dewey Decimal Classification, (also called the Dewey Decimal System) is a proprietary system of library classification developed by Melvil Dewey in 1876. It has been greatly… … Wikipedia
Dewey decimal classification — Trademark. a system of classifying books and other works into ten main classes of knowledge with further subdivision in these classes by use of the numbers of a decimal system: devised by Melvil Dewey, published in 1876, and used in many… … Universalium
Dewey decimal classification — noun a system used by libraries to classify nonfictional publications into subject categories; the subject is indicated by a three digit numeral and further specification is given by numerals following a decimal point; publications are shelved by … Useful english dictionary