Fallopian Tubes

   The anatomist who discovered the function of the tubes that carry ova from the ovaries to the uterus, and for whom the tubes were named, was Gabriel Fallopius (1523-1562). The oviducts found in female mammals, including human beings, is a mistranslation of Fallopius's tubas, "trumpets," which was his way of describing the horn-shaped muscles. Fallopius's investigation proved that virgins have hymens, and he coined the word vagina.
   Fallopius was destined for an ecclesiastical career but turned to medicine. He became a professor of anatomy at Ferrara, then at Pisa University, and subsequently at Padua University, where he headed the anatomy department until his death.
   Fallopius, it seems, was a one-man medical lexicographer. In addition to "vagina," he created the medical use of words palate, placenta, cochlea, and clitoris.
   Some scholars point out that, although Fallopius may have coined the anatomical use of vagina, that term, meaning sheath or scabbard, was a good classical Latin word 1,500 years before Fallopius. Fallopius contributed greatly to the early knowledge of the ear. He described the semicircular canals of the inner ear (responsible for maintaining body equilibrium) and named the cochlea (the snail-shaped organ of hearing in the inner ear).

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fallopian tubes — plural noun Two tubes or ducts through which the ova pass from the ovary to the uterus, perhaps discovered by him • • • Main Entry: ↑Fallopian …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fallopian tubes — Oviduct O vi*duct, n. [Ovum + duct: cf. F. oviducte.] (Anat.) A tube, or duct, for the passage of ova from the ovary to the exterior of the animal or to the part where further development takes place. In mammals the oviducts are also called… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fallopian tube — Schematic frontal view of female anatomy …   Wikipedia

  • Fallopian tube obstruction — Classification and external resources The presence of a hydrosalpinx by sonography indicates distal tubal obstruction ICD 10 N …   Wikipedia

  • Fallopian — Fal*lo pi*an, a. [From Fallopius, or Fallopio, a physician of Modena, who died in 1562.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or discovered by, Fallopius; as, the Fallopian tubes or oviducts, the ducts or canals which conduct the ova from the ovaries to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fallopian tube cancer — ICD9|221.0 ICDO = Caption = OMIM = OMIM mult = MeshID = D005185 Primary fallopian tube cancer (PFTC), often just tubal cancer, is a malignant neoplasm that originates from the fallopian tube.FrequencyTubal cancer is a relatively rare primary… …   Wikipedia

  • Fallopian tube — One of the two Fallopian tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus (the womb). In the diagram, the Fallopian tubes are not labeled but are well shown running between the uterus and ovaries. The Fallopian tubes have small hair like …   Medical dictionary

  • Tubes — The tubes are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tubes, one on each side, which transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus (the womb). The Fallopian tubes have small hair like projections called cilia on the cells …   Medical dictionary

  • fallopian tube — [[t]fəlo͟ʊpiən tju͟ːb, AM tu͟ːb[/t]] fallopian tubes N COUNT A woman s fallopian tubes are the two tubes in her body along which eggs pass from her ovaries to her womb …   English dictionary

  • fallopian tube — UK [fəˌləʊpɪən ˈtjuːb] / US [fəˌloʊpɪən ˈtub] noun [countable] Word forms fallopian tube : singular fallopian tube plural fallopian tubes medical one of the two tubes in a woman s body that carry eggs produced in her ovaries to her womb (= the… …   English dictionary

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