Joseph Henry (1797-1878) was an American physicist who made fundamental discoveries related to electromagnetism. His experiments played a large part in the development of the telegraph, telephone, radio, and dynamo.
   Henry was born at Albany, New York, and dropped out of school at age thirteen to become a watchmaker's apprentice. Fortunately for the scientific world, he resumed his education three years later, and began experimenting while teaching at Albany Academy. His first important work was the development of the electromagnet. In 1831 Henry demonstrated a telegraph. Samuel Morse used many of Henry's ideas in the telegraph, which he patented six years later. Henry also found a way to produce electric current by moving a magnet through a coil of wire. He arrived independently at this discovery of induced current, but did not publish his work until after Michael Faraday announced the same findings. Faraday received the credit for the discovery, but the unit of electric inductance is now called a henry. Henry taught at Princeton University from 1832 to 1846, at which time he became the first secretary, then a director, of the Smithsonian Institution.
   Through Henry's meteorological work, a weather-reporting system was created. Henry became the first weather forecaster to initiate scientific weather reporting, a practice that led to the creation of the U.S. Weather Bureau. He also was a primary organizer of the National Academy of Science and its second president.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • henry — henry …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Henry — is an English male given name and a surname, derived from Heinrich of Germanic origin. Equivalents in other languages are Henrik (Scandinavian), Eanruig (Scots Gaelic), Enrico (Italian), Henri (French), Enrique (Spanish), Henrik (Hungarian),… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry IV — • German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1050 1108) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Henry IV     ♦ Henry IV      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Henry — hace referencia a: Contenido 1 Como nombre 2 Como apellido 2.1 botánica 3 Lugares 4 Otros …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry VI — • German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1165 1197) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Henry VI     Henry VI     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Henry J — 1952 Mitsubishi built Henry J Manufacturer Kaiser Frazer Corporation Production 1950 – 1954 Assembly Willow Run, Michigan Toledo …   Wikipedia

  • Henry II — may refer to: King or Emperor *Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, Saint Henry II, (972 1024), Holy Roman Emperor *Henry II of Castile (1334 1379) *Henry II of England (1133 1189), reigned 1154 1189 *Henry II of France (1519 1559) *Henry II of… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry V — • German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1081 1125) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Henry V     Henry V     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Henry I — may refer to:* Henry I of Germany, the Fowler (876–936). * Henry I, Duke of Bavaria (c. 920–955). * Henry I of Austria (died 1018). * Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (972–1024), called Henry I by historians who don t recognise Henry the Fowler as… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry J — in Japan Henry J Modellauto …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry J — Henry J …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.