Klieg Light

   As the film industry was getting started, so was another industry most useful to both stage and the early motion pictures. It was the klieg light, a light invented by the Kleigl brothers, John H. (1869-1959) and Anton T. (1872-1927), born in Bad Kissingen, Germany. Their invention was a carbon-arc lamp that gave forth such an intense light that it became indispensable to the movie industry.
   The light was so powerful that a person in its glare would find his or her eyes watering. Because these incandescent lights were high in ultraviolet rays, they could cause a form of conjunctivitis. The condition became known as kliegeyes. It therefore became necessary for those exposed to the light to protect their eyes by wearing dark glasses. The dark glasses came to identify cinematic characters, even those "hopefuls" merely aspiring to stardom, so that the "shades" became an important and permanent part of their dress. Not only did the glasses give the stars a certain amount of anonymity, but they also made the wearer look somewhat glamorous because the eyes were hidden from view.
   The lamp was called the klieg light because the brothers' name was hard to pronounce.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • klieg light — ☆ klieg light [klēg ] n. [after its inventors, Anton Kliegl (1872 1927) and his brother John (1869 1959), U.S. lighting engineers] a very bright, hot arc light used to light film sets: also sp. kleig …   English World dictionary

  • klieg light — klieg′ light n. mot a powerful type of arc light once widely used in motion picture studios • Etymology: 1925–30, amer.; after the brothers J. H. Kliegl (1869–1959) and Anton Kliegl (1872–1927), German born U.S. inventors …   From formal English to slang

  • Klieg light — Film The carbon arc source was so bright that it allowed film directors to make day at night, which also heralded the era of blinding actors mdash;a term coined as Klieg eye . Stage In the early days of spotlights, the name Klieg light became… …   Wikipedia

  • klieg light — noun carbon arc lamp that emits an intense light used in producing films • Hypernyms: ↑carbon arc lamp, ↑carbon arc * * * klieg light, a bright, hot arc light, used in taking motion pictures. Also, kleig light. ╂[American English < Anton… …   Useful english dictionary

  • klieg light — noun An intense carbon arc lamp used in cinematography See Also: klieg eyes …   Wiktionary

  • klieg light — a powerful type of arc light once widely used in motion picture studios. [1925 30, Amer.; named after the brothers J. H. Kliegl (1869 1959) and Anton Kliegl (1872 1927), German born American inventors; final l of Kliegl prob. taken as initial l… …   Universalium

  • klieg light — or kleig light noun Etymology: John H. Kliegl died 1959 & Anton T. Kliegl died 1927 German born American lighting experts Date: 1919 a carbon arc lamp used especially in making motion pictures …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • klieg light — /ˈklig laɪt/ (say kleeg luyt) noun a floodlight with an arc light source used in film studios to project a beam of high actinic power. {named after JH Kliegl, 1869–1959, and his brother, Anton T Kliegl, 1872–1927, German born US inventors} …   Australian English dictionary

  • klieg light —   …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • klieg light — ‚klɪːg‚laɪt type of strong arc lamp formerly used in the movie industry (invented by John and Anton Kliegl); any powerful spotlight used in television or movie studios …   English contemporary dictionary

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