Linnaean Classification

   Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), the most famous of all naturalists, was born Carl von Linne, but subsequently adopted the Latin form of his Swedish name. The son of a clergyman, Linnaeus became an avid botanist at a very early age; his nickname was "the little botanist." He studied at Lund and Uppsala, eventually becoming a professor of botany at Uppsala in 1741. He took time out to become a physician and a professor of medicine. But he returned to his first love and wrote many books on the subject: Systema nature (1735), Fundaments botanica (1736), Genera plantarum (1737), Flora lapponica (1737), Philosophia botanica (1751), Species plantarum (1753), and others. His books marked the beginning of taxonomy, a system of scientific nomenclature of plants and animals. His Species plantarum set the stage for a system he devised, the Linnaean system, which divided the kingdom of animals, vegetables, and minerals into classes, orders, genera, species, and varieties. He was the first to label man homo sapiens, "wise or sapient."

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Linnaean taxonomy — is a method of classifying living things, originally devised by (and named for) Carolus Linnaeus, although it has changed considerably since his time. The greatest innovation of Linnaeus, and still the most important aspect of this system, is the …   Wikipedia

  • Linnaean — Lin·nae·an or Lin·ne·an lə nē ən, nā ; lin ē ən adj of, relating to, or following the systematic methods of the Swedish botanist Linné who established the system of binomial nomenclature Lin·né li nā Carl von (Latin Carolus Lin·nae·us li nā əs,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Linnaean — /li nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Linnaeus, who established the binomial system of scientific nomenclature. 2. noting or pertaining to a system of botanical classification introduced by him, based mainly on the number or characteristics… …   Universalium

  • Linnaean — [lɪ ni:ən] (also Linnean) adjective relating to the Swedish botanist Linnaeus (Latinized name of Carl von Linné) (1707–78) or his system of binomial nomenclature in the classification of animals and plants. noun a follower of Linnaeus …   English new terms dictionary

  • Linnaean — Lin•nae•an or Lin•ne•an [[t]lɪˈni ən[/t]] adj. bio tax of or pertaining to Linnaeus or to the systems of taxonomic nomenclature and botanical classification introduced by him • Etymology: 1745–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • Linnaean — adj. & n. adj. of or relating to the Swedish naturalist Linnaeus (Linneacute, d. 1778) or his system of binary nomenclature in the classification of plants and animals. n. a follower of Linnaeus. Usage: Spelt Linnean in Linnean Society …   Useful english dictionary

  • Biological classification — Scientific classification redirects here. For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Dinosaur classification — Classification of dinosaurs Dinosaur classification began in 1842 when Sir Richard Owen placed Iguanodon, Megalosaurus, and Hylaeosaurus in a distinct tribe or suborder of Saurian Reptiles, for which I would propose the name of Dinosauria. [1 …   Wikipedia

  • Alternative taxonomical classification — Alternative taxonomical classifications are those which differ from the commonly accepted classifications in fundamental ways. One could say that every single classification system since Linnaeus has been alternative at some point, before it was… …   Wikipedia

  • Scientific classification (disambiguation) — Scientific classification may refer to:* Chemical classification * Taxonomy, the practice and science of categorizationBiology* Biological classification * Alpha taxonomy, the science of finding, describing and naming organisms * Linnaean… …   Wikipedia

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