Mata Hari

   Mata Hari, a Dutch subject, was born Gertrud Margareta Zelle (1876-1917). She was educated in a convent and married a Dutch officer, a cruel, drunken roue, whom she later divorced. In 1903 she went to Paris to become a professional Hindu dancer. She had accompanied her husband when he was stationed in Java and learned some of the temple dances. She was immediately successful, using her Hindu persona "Mata Hari." Her repertoire consisted of erotic dances, including her famous "Dance of the Seven Veils."
   The Germans, in the year before World War I, realized her worth in espionage and therefore sent her to a school to be trained as a spy. She was "H21" in their service. The French knew of her activities, but were loath to arrest her because the names of her French lovers would be disclosed and a scandal would ensue. But in February 1917, the French made their move and arrested her. The prosecutor at her trial claimed th her spying had caused the death of at least 50,000 Frenchmen. Mata Ha i was convicted and sentenced to be executed. Last-minute efforts by some of her French lovers to forestall the execution failed. On October 15, 1917, at Vincennes, she was executed by a firing squad. Mata Hari's name has been a synonym for the shadowy, dangerous femme fatale.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mata Hari — 1906 Mata Hari war der Künstlername der niederländischen Tänzerin Margaretha Geertruida Zelle (* 7. August 1876 in Leeuwarden; † 15. Oktober 1917 in Vincennes). Während ihrer Ehe verwendete sie auch die Namen Marguerite Campbell und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mata Hari — en danseuse javanaise Mata Hari, de son vrai nom Margaretha Geertruida « Grietje » Zelle, est une danseuse née le 7 août 1876 à Leeuwarden, Pays Bas, et morte le 15 octobre 1917 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mata-Hari — en danseuse javanaise Mata Hari, de son vrai nom Margaretha Geertruida (Grietje) Zelle, est une danseuse née le 7 août 1876 à Leeuwarden et morte le 15 octobre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mata-Hari —    Film d aventures de George Fitzmaurice, avec Greta Garbo (Mata Hari), Ramón Novarro (lieutenant Alexis Rosanoff), Lionel Barrymore (général Serge Shubin), Lewis Stone (Andriani), C. Henry Gordon (Dubois), Karen Morley (Carlotta), Alec B.… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Mata Hari — stage name taken by exotic dancer Margaretha Gertruida Zelle (1876 1917), from Malay mata eye + hari day, dawn …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mata Hari — (izg. mȁta hȃri) (pravo ime Margaretha Geertruida Zelle) DEFINICIJA 1. (1876 1917), njemačka plesačica, kurtizana i špijunka tijekom 1. svjetskog rata; vjerojatno dvostruka agentica; strijeljali je Francuzi kao njemačku špijunku 2. pren. sinonim… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Mata-Hari — Mata Hari, Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, llamada …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mata Hari — (Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, dite) (1876 1917) danseuse et aventurière néerlandaise. Espionne au service de l Allemagne, elle fut fusillée par les Français …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mata Hari — [mät΄ə hä′rē] (name for Margaretha Geertruida Zelle) 1876 1917; Du. dancer: executed by the French as a German spy during WWI …   English World dictionary

  • Mata Hari — For other uses, see Mata Hari (disambiguation). Mata Hari Mata Hari on a 1906 postcard Born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle 7 August 1876(1876 08 07) …   Wikipedia

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