Mauser Rifle

   Peter Paul Mauser (1838-1914) was born at Oberndorf am Neckar, Wurttemberg, Germany. Young Peter Paul had a good beginning to become a gunsmith. His father was a master gunsmith at the government arms factory, and at age twelve, Peter Paul went to work there. Young Mauser's first invention was a small breech-loading cannon. Together with his brother, William, he produced a bolt-action single shot metallic-cartridge rifle, which was adopted by the Prussian army in 1871. The next Mauser improvement was a repeating model of the 1871 rifle. Then, as smokeless powder appeared, he developed the charger-loading small-bore bolt action rifle, upon which most later infantry arms have been modeled. The dominant characteristic of this rifle is a box magazine holding a staggered column of cartridges loaded from a charger that does not enter the action, with a bolt handle at the rear of the bolt. More than wenty nations have adopted the Mauser rifle. In ordinary speech we use the word rifle for a shoulder weapon, but really a rifle is any gun with a rifled barrel, a barrel with a series of spiral grooves on its inner surface to make the bullet spin rapidly as it leaves the gun.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mauser rifle —       any of a family of bolt action rifles designed by Peter Paul Mauser (1838–1914), a German who had worked in an arms plant before entering the German army in 1859. Mauser s first successful design was a single shot, 11 millimetre, bolt… …   Universalium

  • Mauser rifle — powerful repeating rifle developed in Germany …   English contemporary dictionary

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  • Mauser — Recorded in many forms including Maus, Mauser, Meuser, and diminutives Mausel, Meisel, Meissel (German, Swisse and Jewish), Mouse and Mouser (English), Muis and De Muys (Dutch and Flemish), Myska, Myszkor, and Myszkowski (Polish), and many others …   Surnames reference

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  • Mauser 1918 T-Gewehr — Mauser Mod. 1918 13.2 mm Tank Gewehr 13.2 mm Rifle Anti Tank at the Musée de l Armée in Paris Type Anti tank rifle, Anti ma …   Wikipedia

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