Maxim Gun

   , MAXIM SILENCER
   There were three Maxims, all inventors. The elder Maxim, Sir Hiram Stevens (1840-1916), was born near Sangerville, Maine. He moved to England and became a naturalized British citizen. Between the years 1881 and 1884, he invented the first fully automatic machine gun. It operated from the recoil of a cartridge that expelled the empty shell and reloaded the weapon at the same time. As long as the trigger was depressed, the Maxim gun kept firing until all ammunition was expended. The gun had a water-cooled barrel and a 250-round belt. Maxim's company was bought by the giant Vickers Armstrong Ltd. in 1896. Maxim's other inventions received less attention, but they show the ingenuity of an active mind. He invented an automatic fire sprinkler, a gas meter, a delayed-action fuse, a smokeless powder, and an inhaler for bronchitis. He also experimented with internal-combustion engines for automobiles and airplanes. For these accomplishments, Maxim was knighted.
   Maxim's brother, Hudson (1853-1927), was born at Orneville, Maine, with the name Isaac Weston Maxim, but he preferred and adopted the name Hudson. Hudson began his career as a book publisher, but turned to explosives, setting up a manufacturing company that he sold to E. I. du Pont in 1897. He is best known for having invented the high explosive maximite, one and a half times as powerful as dynamite, for use in artillery shells.
   Hiram Percy Maxim (1869-1936), born in Brooklyn, New York, was the son of Hiram. Young Hiram invented the Maxim silencer for firearms, designed to make the firing of a weapon practically noiseless. But his silencers found other commercial uses. They have been used to eliminate noises of gasoline engines, compressors, blowers, vacuum pumps, and machines with a high-velocity discharge of steam or air.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Maxim gun — An early Maxim gun in operation with the Royal Navy Type Heavy Machine Gun Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Maxim gun — Max im gun A kind of machine gun; named after its inventor, Hiram S. Maxim. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Maxim Gun — Frühe Version des Maxim Maschinengewehrs, Royal Navy Das Maxim Maschinengewehr (französisch Maxim Mitrailleuse, englisch Maxim Gun) war das erste selbstladende Maschinengewehr. Es wurde 1885 von dem amerikanisch britischen Erfinder und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxim gun — /ˈmæksəm gʌn/ (say maksuhm gun) noun a machine gun, the first to be designed to operate automatically by means of the recoil, used widely in World War I. Also, Maxim machine gun. {designed by Sir Hiram Maxim. See Maxim family} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Maxim gun — an early single barreled, water cooled machine gun cocked by the force of its own recoil. [1880 85; after H. S. MAXIM] * * * …   Universalium

  • MAXIM GUN —    an automatic machine gun invented by Hiram S. Maxim, an American, in 1884, capable of discharging 620 rifle cartridges per minute; the first shot is fired by hand, and the recoil is utilised to reload and fire the next, and so on. A cylinder… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Maxim gun — noun an obsolete water cooled machine gun having a single barrel • Hypernyms: ↑machine gun …   Useful english dictionary

  • Maxim Gun —    See Machine Gun …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Vickers-Maxim gun — (Ordnance) One of a system of ordnance, including machine, quick fire, coast, and field guns, of all calibers, manufactured by the combined firms of Vickers Sons of Sheffield and Maxim of Birmingham and elsewhere, England. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Maxim — may refer to: Maxim (philosophy), a principle that an individual uses in making a decision Maxim (literature), a type of aphorism Legal maxim, certain guiding principles of law and jurisprudence People: Maxim (given name) Maxim (surname) Maxim… …   Wikipedia

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