- , NEWTONIANIsaac Newton (1642-1727) was born at Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, and was educated at Grantham School nearby. He showed a propensity to invent but was considered a poor student. However, at Trinity College, Cambridge University, he showed exceptional ability in mathematics. According to one story, an instructor announced that he would lecture on Johannes Kepler's Optics. Newton got a copy of the book, and the nex day the instructor was amazed to learn that Newton had mastered the subject.Within two years after obtaining his degree, Newton discovered mathematical principles and began work on his theory of gravitation, the laws of which he was the first to state. The astronomical system that in the late seventeenth century displaced Copernicanism, and also the theory of gravitation, are known as the Newtonian Philosophy. Newton established the former and discovered the latter. He was responsible for many inventions and discoveries, including a reflecting telescope, integral and differential calculus, the binomial theorem, the method of tangents, and other important mathematical principles. During this period, Newton also began his investigations on the subject of gravitation. Newtonian is a concept referring to Newton's work in mathematics and on gravitation (in physics a newton is a standard unit of force). Newton was elected a fellow of the Royal So ety in 1672 and in 1703 became its president. He spent some time in arliament and was appointed warden of the Mint, later becoming master of the Mint. He was a bachelor and was considered a gentle and compassionate person. Although Einstein rejected Newton's explanation of gravitation, but not the facts of its operation, scientists believe that Einstein's work would have been impossible without Newton's discoveries. Newton's modest personality is well-demonstrated by the following from David Brewster's Memoirs of the Life Writing and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton: "I do not know what I may appear to the world, but to myself I seem to have been only a boy playing on the sea-shore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me."
Dictionary of eponyms. Morton S. Freeman. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Newton — is a contraction of New Town , the name of many places in English speaking countries. It may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Science and technology 3 Places … Wikipedia
Newton OS — Company / developer Apple Inc. Working state Historic Source model Closed source … Wikipedia
Newton — bezeichnet: Sir Isaac Newton (1643–1727), britischer Physiker – dort auch zu Nachbenennung Newton (Familienname) – weitere Namensträger siehe dort Newton (Toponym), zahlreiche Siedlungen und andere geografische Objekte, sowie astronomische… … Deutsch Wikipedia
NEWTON (I.) — L’œuvre de Newton constitue sans conteste le plus grand moment de la science moderne telle qu’elle s’est constituée après la Renaissance; elle couronne les travaux exceptionnellement riches d’une pléiade de mathématiciens et de physiciens de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Newton — Newton, NJ U.S. town in New Jersey Population (2000): 8244 Housing Units (2000): 3425 Land area (2000): 3.097314 sq. miles (8.022006 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.005567 sq. miles (0.014419 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.102881 sq. miles (8.036425… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
newton — [ njutɔn ] n. m. • v. 1950; n. pr. ♦ Métrol. Unité de mesure de force (symb. N), correspondant à une accélération de 1 m/s2 communiquée à une masse de 1 kg. Newton mètre : unité de mesure de moment d une force (symb. Nm). ● newton nom masculin… … Encyclopédie Universelle
newton — NEWTON, newtoni, s.m. Unitate de măsură pentru forţă în sistemul de unităţi metru kilogram secundă, egală cu forţa care imprimă unui corp de 1 kg o acceleraţie de 1 m pe secundă. [pr.: nĩúton] – Din fr. newton, germ. Newton. Trimis de ana zecheru … Dicționar Român
Newton  — Newton (spr. Njut n), 1) Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Cheshire an der Liverpool Manchester Eisenbahn, in welche hier die Grand Junction Bahn einmündet; Talico , Seiden u. Baumwollenmanufacturen, Chemische Fabriken; 6000 Ew.; 2) Ort auf der… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Newton OS — операционная система для Apple Newton PDA, который выпускался компанией Apple в 1993 1997 годах. Newton OS была полностью написана на С++. Отличалась низким потреблением электроэнергии и продуктивным использованием доступной оперативной памяти,… … Википедия
Newton OS — Newton OS, das Betriebssystem zu den Newton Modellen von Apple (Newton) … Universal-Lexikon
Newton, AL — U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 1708 Housing Units (2000): 790 Land area (2000): 14.296976 sq. miles (37.028997 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.028413 sq. miles (0.073590 sq. km) Total area (2000): 14.325389 sq. miles (37.102587 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places