Prometheus

   , PROMETHEAN
   Prometheus stole fire from Olympus and gave it to human beings. A Titan and a son of Tapetos, he had been put to work by Zeus to make men out of clay and water. Prometheus was appalled by the misery of the creatures he was creating, and out of pity presented man with the heavenly fire. Another version is that Zeus had been tricked by Prometheus over his share of a sacrificial ox, and therefore denied mankind the use of fire. For this offense, whichever one it was, Zeus had him chained to a rock where during the daytime an eagle ate his liver, which renewed itself each night, only to be eaten again the next day. Throughout his ordeal, Prometheus was sustained by a secret known only to him: that Zeus would father a son who would first overthrow him and then someday liberate Prometheus. After thirteen generations the prophecy was fulfilled as Heracales, son of Zeus by Alcmere, set him free. Because of this legend, a rare-group metallic element was name promethium. Scientists predicted the element at the beginning of the twentieth century, reported it in 1926, and definitely identified it in 1945, as a radioactive form of the element. The name promethium was adopted by the International Union of Chemistry in 1945.
   The word promethean became an adjective in the English language meaning that which pertains to fire or is capable of producing fire. Anything life giving—daringly original or creative—is also said to be promethean. Although the early friction matches changed its name through the years, the matches were first called promethean. Darwin in his Voyage of the Beagle (1839) wrote: "I carried with me some promethean matches, which I ignited by biting. ..."

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prometheus — mit dem Adler Ethon und Atlas. (Lakonische Schale, ca. 530 v. Chr.) Prometheus (altgr. Προμηθεύς, Betonung lat. u. dtsch. Prométheus, Gen. Προμηθέως (Promēthéōs); dt. der Vorausdenkende) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der Freund und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prometheus — {{Prometheus}} Sohn des Titanen* Iapetos* und der Klymene, Bruder des Atlas*, Menoitios* und Epimetheus*, Vater des Deukalion*, Feind des Zeus* und Helfer der Menschen. Als diese in grauer Vorzeit zu Mekone auf der Peloponnes während einer… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • PROMETHEUS — Iapeti et Clymenes fil. teste Poeta. Κούρην δ᾿ Ι᾿άπετος καλλίσφυρον Ω᾿κεανίνην Η᾿γάγετο Κλυμένην, καὶ ὁμὸν λέχος εἰσανέβαινεν, Η῾δὲ οἰ Α῎τλαντα κρατερόφρονα γείνατο παῖδα. Τίκτε δ᾿ ὑπερκύδαντα Μενοὶτιον, ἠδὲ Προμηθέα Ποικίλον, αἰολομῆτιν. Filium… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Prometheus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Prometheus puede hacer referencia a: Prometheus, una nave espacial del universo Stargate; Prometheus, un poema sinfónico de Franz Liszt; Premio Prometheus, un premio literario de ciencia ficción. Véase… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Prometheus — (Брно,Чехия) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Hudcova 78, Брно, 61200, Чехия …   Каталог отелей

  • Prometheus — Pro*me the*us, n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, from ? to have forethought for.] (Class. Myth.) The son of Iapetus (one of the Titans) and Clymene, fabled by the poets to have surpassed all mankind in knowledge, and to have formed men of clay to whom he gave… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prometheus — Prometheus, titan i græske sagn. Se artiklen: Prometheus …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Prometheus — name of the Titan who stole fire from heaven and was punished for it, from Gk. Prometheus, lit. forethinker, foreseer, from pro (see PRO (Cf. pro )) + *methos, from PIE root *men “to think” (see MIND (Cf. mind) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Prometheus — [prō mē′thē əs] n. [L < Gr Promētheus, lit., forethought < promēthes, thinking before < pro , before (see PRO 1) + mathein, to learn (see MATHEMATICS)] Gr. Myth. a Titan who steals fire from heaven for the benefit of mankind: in… …   English World dictionary

  • Promētheus — Promētheus, Sohn des Japetos u. der Klymene, od. der Themis, ein Titane. Als die olympischen Götter unter Zeus, nach der Besiegung der Titanen, mit den Menschen stritten, was diese ihnen für Opfergaben darbringen sollten, täuschte P., als… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Promētheus — Promētheus, im griech. Mythus Sohn des Titanen Japetos und der Klymene, Bruder des Epimetheus (s. d.), Vater des Deukalion (s. d.), entwandte das den Menschen vorenthaltene Feuer vom Blitze des Zeus und brachte es in einer hohlen Staude (Narthex) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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