Cecil John Rhodes (1853-1902), for whom Rhodesia was named, was born at Bishop Stortford, Hertfordshire, England, the son of a clergyman. His family had neither wealth nor position, and Cecil suffered from poor health. In 1870, Rhodes went to South Africa, a better climate for him. There he took advantage of the rush to the Kimberley diamond fields and by 1888 had established the De Beers Consolidated Mines. This enterprising thirty-five-year-old man dominated the world market in diamonds and later the Transvaal gold fields.
   Rhodes had a vision of an English-speaking empire from "Cape to Cairo." He was heavily involved in politics, becoming prime minister of Cape Colony. However, his involvement in a conspiracy to overthrow President Kruger and seize the Transvaal left an indelible scar on his political future.
   Rhodes attended Oxford University several times, ultimately graduating in 1881. Three years before his death, he wrote his famous will, which set up scholarships for two years at Oxford based on high standards of scholarship, character, leadership, and athletic ability. The scholarships were to be granted annually to some two hundred students from the British colonies and dominions, the United States, and Germany. A Rhodes scholarship is not merely a tuition-paid form of education; it is a mark of scholarly distinction.
   The territory called Rhodesia has since been split into Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Rhodesĭa — Rhodesĭa, großes, Cecil Rhodes (s. d.) zu Ehren benanntes Gebiet in Südafrika zu beiden Seiten des Sambesi, hervorgegangen aus dem Verwaltungsgebiet der Britisch Südafrikanischen Gesellschaft (s. d.); der neue Name ist amtlich seit 1895 in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rhodesia — [rō dē′zhə, rō dē′zhē ə] former region in S Africa, including NORTHERN RHODESIA (now ZAMBIA) & SOUTHERN RHODESIA (now ZIMBABWE) Rhodesian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Rhodesia — Rhodesĭa, nach Cecil Rhodes (s.d.) benanntes brit. Schutzgebiet in Südafrika [Karte: Afrika I], 1.058.000 qkm (durch Schiedsspruch vom 30. Mai 1905 auf Kosten Angolas vergrößert), 1.290.000 E., durch den Sambesi in Nord und Süd R. geteilt, von… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rhodesia — s. Britisch Südafrika …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Rhodesia — er en tidligere betegnelse for landet Zimbabwe …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Rhodesia — → Rodesia …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Rhodesia — This article is about the unrecognised state of Rhodesia. For other uses, see Rhodesia (disambiguation). Rhodesia 1965–1970: Rhodesia …   Wikipedia

  • Rhodesia — Rhodesian, adj., n. /roh dee zheuh/, n. 1. (as Southern Rhodesia) a former British colony in S Africa: declared independence 1965; name changed to Zimbabwe 1979. 2. a historical region in S Africa that comprised the British territories of… …   Universalium

  • Rhodesia — Origen etimológico El inglés Cecil John Rhodes vivió en Sudáfrica una vida al aire libre desde los quince años, y se dedicó a una serie de actividades en los negocios de los diamantes, la política, y la exploración con energía casi sobrehumana.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • RHODESIA —    the territory in South Africa occupied and administered by the British South Africa Company, under the leadership of Mr. Cecil Rhodes, and founded by royal charter in 1889, hence the name it goes under, is bounded on the E. by Portuguese East… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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