The word robot came from a Czech play, published in 1920 and premiered on stage in Prague in 1921, called R.U.R. The initials stand for Rossum's Universal Robots, a corporation that manufactured robots, mechanical creatures, enslaved to work for human beings. In the play the robots developed the capacity to feel and hate. Eventually, they rebelled, became monsters, turned on their human masters, and overpowered them.
   The author, Karel Capek (1890-1938), a Czech playwright born in Bohemia, borrowed the word robot from the slavic robota, meaning a forced laborer. The play was extremely popular on both sides of the Atlantic, so much so that the word robot came to be used of any person who was dehumanized because of too much work involving nonproductive tasks or to a person who works automatically without employing initiative. The word was also applied during World War II to the German "flying bombs" or "Buzz-bombs" sent against England. In the scientific world of today, a robot is used as a term to describe automated apparatus that performs human functions.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • robot — [ rɔbo ] n. m. • 1924; du tchèque robota « travail forcé », pour désigner des « ouvriers artificiels », dans une pièce de K. Čapek 1 ♦ Machine, automate à l aspect humain, capable de se mouvoir et d agir. ⇒ androïde, humanoïde. Par ext. Individu… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robot — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Robot (desambiguación). Un robot es una entidad virtual o mecánica artificial. En la práctica, esto es por lo general un sistema electromecánico que, por su apariencia o sus… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ROBOT — Visual Systems GmbH Unternehmensform GmbH Gründung 1934 Unternehmenssitz Monheim am Rhein, Deutschland Unternehmensleitung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robot — steht für: Roboter, eine weitgehend autonom arbeitende Maschine Frondienst, den von Leibeigenen in der Gesellschaftsform des Feudalismus zu leistenden Arbeitsdienst Robot (Nachbarschaftshilfe), eine gemeinnützige Nachbarschaftshilfe als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • robot — ROBÓT, roboţi, s.m. Maşină ale cărei mişcări pot fi programate astfel încât să execute activităţi similare cu cele efectuate de om. Termenul de robot apare prima dată în 1921 în piesa scriitorului ceh Karel Čapek Rossum s Universal Robots şi… …   Dicționar Român

  • robot — sustantivo masculino 1. Máquina electrónica que ejecuta automáticamente operaciones o movimientos previamente programados: Los robots aún distan mucho de parecerse al ser humano. robot de cocina Máquina con diversos accesorios para realizar… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • robot — ro‧bot [ˈrəʊbɒt ǁ ˈroʊbɑːt, bət] noun [countable] MANUFACTURING a machine used in a manufacturing process that can move and do some of the work of a person: • Robots fulfil many dull and tedious jobs on the production line. robotics noun… …   Financial and business terms

  • robot — /ro bot/, meno com. / rɔbot/, frequente ma erron. / robot/ s.m. [dal cèco Robot, nome proprio, der. a sua volta di robota lavoro , con cui lo scrittore cèco Karel Čapek denominava gli automi che lavorano al posto degli operai nel suo dramma… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • robot — (Del ingl. robot, y este del checo robota, trabajo, prestación personal). m. Máquina o ingenio electrónico programable, capaz de manipular objetos y realizar operaciones antes reservadas solo a las personas. ☛ V. retrato robot …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • robot — 1. ‘Máquina programable capaz de realizar trabajos antes reservados solo a las personas’. Su plural es robots (→ plural, 1h): «En las industrias habrá más robots que hombres» (Tiempo [Col.] 7.4.97). 2. retrato (o foto) robot …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • robot — |robô| s. m. Ver robô. • Plural: robots.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra francesa, do checo robot, de robota, trabalho duro …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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