Sabin Vaccine

   Microbiologist Albert Bruce Sabin was born in 1906 in Bialystok, Russia (now Poland). He immigrated to the United States with his family in 1921 and was naturalized in 1930. He attended New York University, receiving an M.D. in 1931. He joined the staff of the Rockefeller Institute as a medical researcher. In 1939 he became a member of the college of medicine of the University of Cincinnati, later becoming professor of pediatrics. Sabin developed a live virus vaccine against poliomyelitis that can be given by mouth; it was field tested in 1959, and has largely replaced the vaccine developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, which was based on heat-killed viruses. It provides a stronger and more longlasting immunity than the earlier vaccine and protects against both paralysis and infection. In his later work, Sabin has concentrated on cancer research. Infantile paralysis (polio), as the name suggests, was a disease that struck children particularly. However, it was no respecter of age and affected some adults with the same dire results. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the thirty-second president of the United States, was stricken at thirty-nine.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Sabin vaccine — The oral polio vaccine developed by Dr. Albert S. Sabin. The first vaccine against poliomyelitis was introduced by Dr. Jonas Salk in 1955 and was administered by injection (in 4 separate shots). The oral vaccine was created by Dr. Sabin the next… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sabin vaccine — Sa′bin vaccine′ n. imu an orally administered vaccine of live viruses for immunization against poliomyelitis • Etymology: 1960–65; after A. B. Sabin …   From formal English to slang

  • Sabin vaccine — an orally administered vaccine of live viruses for immunization against poliomyelitis. [named after A. B. SABIN] * * * …   Universalium

  • Sabin vaccine — n. vaccine (that contains live weakened poliovirus) against polio that is taken orally named after Albert Sabin …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sabin vaccine — an oral vaccine against poliomyelitis, prepared by culture of the virus under special conditions so that it loses its virulence (i.e. it becomes attenuated) but retains its ability to stimulate antibody production [B. Sabin (1906–93), US… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Sabin vaccine — /ˈseɪbən ˌvæksin / (say saybuhn .vakseen) noun a vaccine taken orally which immunises against poliomyelitis. {from Albert B Sabin, 1906–93, US virologist, who developed it} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Sabin vaccine — n. an oral vaccine giving immunity against poliomyelitis. Etymology: A. B. Sabin, US virologist b. 1906 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sabin vaccine — noun A polio vaccine that is taken by mouth, and contains the three serotypes of polio in a weakened live state …   Wiktionary

  • Sabin Vaccine Institute — Infobox Non profit Non profit name = Sabin Vaccine Institute Non profit Non profit type = NGO founded date = 1993 founder = H.R. Shepherd, Heloisa Sabin, Robert M. Chanock, and Philip K. Russell, location = Washington, D.C. origins = key people …   Wikipedia

  • Вакцина Сабина (Sabin Vaccine) — вводимая внутрь вакцина против полиомиелита, которая приготовляется путем выращивания вируса в специальных условиях; при этом он теряет свою вирулентность (т. е. его патогенное действие значительно ослабляется), однако сохраняет способность… …   Медицинские термины

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