Socratic Method

   Socrates (c. 469-399 B.C.) was born in Athens, the son of a sculptor. The educational facilities of that day were meager, and so Socrates walked the streets to talk with people and to learn their philosophies, especially their thoughts about morals. Later he served as a soldier. To the chagrin of the government, he kept defending people he thought unjustly accused. He spent some years as a teacher, employing a method that taught, by questions and answers, a form of cross-examination which tangled his students in a network of errors. When asking questions, Socrates feigned ignorance (which is known as Socratic irony), luring the students to feel free to speak their minds. Through a series of questions, the students were led to the conclusion that Socrates had reached long before the class convened (which is known as the Socratic method).
   Socrates was sentenced to death after being convicted of impiety and the corruption of youths through his teachings. The form of execution at that time was the drinking of hemlock. Socrates had acted as his own lawyer, and in his defense offered the famous "Apology of Socrates," which explained his thinking and the motivations of his life. Socrates spent his last day speaking with friends. At nighttime he bade them farewell by saying, according to Plato's account, "The hour of departure has arrived; and we go our separate ways—I to die, and you to live. Which is the better, God only knows." With that he lay down on his couch, drank the hemlock, and died.
   Although Socrates left behind no philosophic writings, we know about him and his thought primarily through the Dialogues of Plato, Socrates's most distinguished student.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Socratic method — n. a method of teaching or discussion, like that used by Socrates, in which by means of a series of questions and answers the logical soundness of a definition is tested, the meaning of a concept examined, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Socratic method — Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Socratic method — noun a method of teaching by question and answer; used by Socrates to elicit truths from his students • Syn: ↑maieutic method • Hypernyms: ↑teaching method, ↑pedagogics, ↑pedagogy * * * noun Usage: usually capitalized S …   Useful english dictionary

  • Socratic method — maieutic method maieutic method n. A method of teaching by question and answer; it was used by Socrates to elicit truths from his students; called also the {Socratic method} [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Socratic method — The method of teaching in which the master imparts no information, but asks a sequence of questions, through answering which the pupil eventually comes to the desired knowledge. Socratic irony is the pose of ignorance on the part of the master,… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • SOCRATIC METHOD —    the DIALECTICAL method supposedly used by SOCRATES. It involves patient questioning by a teacher to lead the pupil to recognize the TRUTH …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Socratic method — the use of questions, as employed by Socrates, to develop a latent idea, as in the mind of a pupil, or to elicit admissions, as from an opponent, tending to establish a proposition. [1735 45] * * * …   Universalium

  • Socratic method — Socrat′ic meth′od n. pho the use of questions, as employed by Socrates, to develop a latent idea in the mind of a student or elicit an admission from an opponent • Etymology: 1735–45 …   From formal English to slang

  • Socratic method — /səkrætɪk ˈmɛθəd/ (say suhkratik methuhd) noun the use of questions as employed by Socrates to develop a latent idea, as in the mind of a pupil, or to elicit admissions, as from an opponent, tending to establish or to confute some proposition …   Australian English dictionary

  • The Socratic Method (House) — House (TV series) episode episode name = The Socratic Method episode no = HOU 106 airdate = December 21, 2004 writer = John Mankiewicz director = Peter Medak guest star = season = 1 diagnosis = Vitamin K deficiency Hepatocellular carcinoma Wilson …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.