Solomon

   , SOLOMONIC
   King Solomon, the son of David and Bathsheba, ruled Israel from about 973 to 933, before the Common Era. He was an able administrator, and his political acuity enabled him to form alliances, primarily by marrying women from surrounding regions. His country prospered so well that he was able to construct a massive temple in Jerusalem.
   Solomon may have been the most renowned lover of all times, and perhaps the greatest. In addition to his publicized affair with the Queen of Sheba, he is credited, by the Bible, with having married seven hundred women. Quite clearly, in addition to his wisdom, Solomon must have had enduring strength. The erotic Song of Songs is thought to have been composed by him. He is also credited with having written certain psalms and the entire Book of Ecclesiastes.
   Solomon's most famous mediation concerned a dispute by two women who claimed to be the mother of a certain child. The Bible passage reads: "And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they brought a sword before the king. And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give one half to the one, and half to the other" (I Kings 3:24-25). The woman who immediately withdrew her claim was in Solomon's judgment the real mother.
   This example of astuteness is known as the Judgment of Solomon. The Queen of Sheba visited Solomon to "prove him with hard questions." He answered so well that she gave him, for starters, "a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices a great store, and precious stones." In return she received from him "all her desire, whatsoever she asked, besides that which Solomon gave her of his real bounty."

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • SOLOMON — (Heb. שְׁלֹמֹה; tenth century B.C.E.), son of david , king of Israel. Born of Bath Sheba, Solomon was so named by David (II Sam. 12:24; according to the keri, Targ. Jon., and according to the Pesh., by his mother), while Nathan called him… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — • The second son of David by his wife Bathsheba, and the acknowledged favourite of his father Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Solomon     Solomon      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SOLOMON — SOLOMON, family of Australian pioneers and statesmen. EMMANUEL SOLOMON (1800–1873) was born in London and transported to Sydney as a convict in 1818 for housebreaking. After being pardoned, he went into business as a merchant in Sydney with his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOMON — SOLOMON, family of English origin which won distinction in St. Helena and South Africa. The founder was NATHANIEL SOLOMON (1735–1800), a merchant with interests in the East India trade, who married Phoebe Mitz (or De Mitz) of Leiden in 1774, when …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — Cutner, bekannt unter seinem Künstlernamen Solomon, CBE (* 9. August 1902 in London; † 2. Februar 1988 ebenda) war ein britischer Pianist. Solomon war nie einer der Großen in der Pianistenszene und geriet schon zu Lebzeiten in Vergessenheit, weil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SOLOMON — 1902 1988 De son vrai nom Solomon Cutner, ce pianiste anglais verra sa carrière prématurément interrompue par la maladie. Il voit le jour à Londres le 9 août 1902 et commence très tôt l’étude du piano à la Royal Academy of Music, avec Mathilde… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SOLOMON — (né Solomon Cutner; 1902–1988), British pianist. Solomon was born in London and made his first public appearance at the Queen s Hall at the age of eight. Up to the age of 16 he continued to give concerts, after which he studied in London and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon — Sol o*mon, n. One of the kings of Israel, noted for his superior wisdom and magnificent reign; hence, a very wise man. {Sol o*mon ic}, a. [1913 Webster] {Solomon s seal} (Bot.), a perennial liliaceous plant of the genus {Polygonatum}, having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solomon — Solomon, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Solomon, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.655733 sq. miles (1.698341 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Solomon — masc. proper name, Biblical name of David s son, king of Judah and Israel and wisest of all men, from Gk. Solomon, from Heb. Sh lomoh, from shelomo peaceful, from shalom peace. The Arabic form is Suleiman. The common medieval form was Salomon… …   Etymology dictionary

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