Vandyke Beard

   Sir Anthony Van Dycke (or Van Dyck) sported a well-trimmed beard all his adult life. Vandyke (1599-1641), as the English spelled it, was a Flemish painter born in Antwerp, the seventh of twelve children of a silk merchant. When a youth, he was a pupil of the renowned Rubens, and at twenty-one left the continent and went to England in 1632, to become a court painter to Charles I. He married a Scot, was knighted by the king and, during his short life, became an important portraitist. Vandyke acquired so many mistresses and led such a life of luxury that he had to work long hours just to meet his expenses, but he never allowed more than an hour at a time to a sitter.
   Aristocrats were proud to have their portraits painted by Vandyke because he had painted the portraits of Charles I (including the famous Charles I on Horseback) and his queen, Henrietta Maria. The subjects of the paintings were made similarly distinctive because they were painted with white collars with v-shaped points. The men were distinguished by a trimmed, V-shaped beard, the same style worn by the painter. The scalloped border is said to be vandyked and the beards, Vandykes.
   Always frail, Vandyke lived for only forty-two years. He died after a brief visit to the Netherlands and France.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vandyke beard — Van*dyke beard A trim, pointed beard, such as those often seen in pictures by Vandyke. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vandyke beard — Vandyke′ beard′ n. a short, pointed beard • Etymology: 1890–95 …   From formal English to slang

  • Vandyke beard — n. a closely trimmed, pointed beard …   English World dictionary

  • vandyke beard — noun a short pointed beard (named after the artist Anthony Vandyke) • Syn: ↑vandyke • Hypernyms: ↑beard, ↑face fungus, ↑whiskers * * * noun Usage: often capitalized V Etymology: so called from its …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vandyke beard — a short, pointed beard. Also called Vandyke, vandyke. [1890 95] * * * …   Universalium

  • Vandyke beard — /vændaɪk ˈbɪəd/ (say vanduyk beard) noun a short, pointed beard …   Australian English dictionary

  • Vandyke — [van dīk′] n. short for: 1. VANDYKE BEARD 2. VANDYKE COLLAR adj. of, or in the style of, Van Dyck or in the fashion of the subjects of his portraits …   English World dictionary

  • Vandyke — n. & adj. n. 1 each of a series of large points forming a border to lace or cloth etc. 2 a cape or collar etc. with these. adj. (Vandyke) in the style of dress, esp. with pointed borders, common in portraits by Van Dyck. Phrases and idioms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • vandyke — n. & adj. n. 1 each of a series of large points forming a border to lace or cloth etc. 2 a cape or collar etc. with these. adj. (Vandyke) in the style of dress, esp. with pointed borders, common in portraits by Van Dyck. Phrases and idioms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vandyke (or Van Dyck), Sir Anthony —  (1599–1641) Born Anton Van Dijck, but that spelling is almost never encountered outside his native Belgium. In America his name is usually rendered as Sir Anthony Vandyke, though Van Dyck (the spelling favored in Britain) is also sometimes found …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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