Volt

   , VOLTAIC PILE
   Alessandro Guisseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (1745-1827), after whom the words volt and voltage were named, was born in Como, Italy, one of nine children of a Jesuit priest who had left the order to marry. By the time Alessandro was sixteen, he had mastered many languages and then went on to invent several electrostatic devices. He was invited, in 1778, to become a professor of physics at the University of Pavia. Volta became internationally famous because of his controversy with Luigi Galvani over the source of electricity. After repeating Galvani's experiment, Volta disagreed with Galvani's theory and became a rallying point for those opposed to it. His prominence was such that he was elected to England's Royal Society and was the first foreigner to receive the Royal Society's Copley Medal.
   Volta invented or improved a number of electrical devices, such as the electrophorus, which transfers electric charges to other objects. He discovered the electric decomposition of water and developed a theory of current electricity in physics. His inventions include the electrical condenser and the voltaic pile, which became the prototype of the dry-cell battery.
   Volta received many honors during his long life. Statues were made of him, and kings and the heads of state requested his presence. The prestigious National Institute of France invited him to lecture there, at which time he was additionally honored by the presence of Napoleon, who bestowed on Volta the title of count. Legend has it that when Napoleon was leaving the hall, he noticed a sign reading "Au Grand Voltaire" and proceeded to cross out the last three letters.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • volt — volt …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • volt — [ vɔlt ] n. m. • 1874; du nom du physicien Volta ♦ Métrol. Unité de mesure de potentiel, de différence de potentiel (ou tension) et de force électromotrice (symb. V). Le volt est la différence de potentiel existant entre deux points lorsque le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • volt — VOLT, volţi, s.m. (fiz.) Unitate de măsură a tensiunii electrice, a tensiunii electromotoare şi a diferenţei de potenţial, egală cu tensiunea de la capetele unui conductor care, străbătut de un curent de un amper, dezvoltă o putere de un watt. –… …   Dicționar Român

  • Volt — Sn std. (19. Jh.) Onomastische Bildung. Neubildung zu Volta, dem Namen eines italienischen Physikers des 18./19. Jhs.    Ebenso nndl. volt, ne. volt, nfrz. volt, nschw. volt, nisl. volt. Name …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Volt — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Volt puede estar haciendo referencia a: Voltio, unidad del Sistema Internacional de voltaje y potencial eléctrico. Volt, modelo de utilitario híbrido de la marca Chevrolet. Obtenido de Volt Categoría:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • volt — volt1 [vōlt] n. [Fr volte < It volta, a turn < VL * volvita, for L voluta, fem. pp. of volvere, to roll, turn about: see WALK] 1. a turning movement or gait of a horse, in which it moves sideways around a center 2. Fencing a leap to avoid a …   English World dictionary

  • Volt — Volt, n. [F. volte; cf. It. volta. See {Vault}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Man.) A circular tread; a gait by which a horse going sideways round a center makes two concentric tracks. [1913 Webster] 2. (Fencing) A sudden movement to avoid a thrust. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Volt — Volt, n. [After Alessandro Volta, the Italian electrician.] (Elec.) The unit of electro motive force; defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893 and by United States Statute as, that electro motive force which steadily applied to a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • volt — sb. (fk.), volt (fork.: V) …   Dansk ordbog

  • Volt — Volt, s. Elektrische Maßeinheiten, S. 641 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Volt — Volt, s. Maßsystem, absolutes, Bd. 6, S. 329 …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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