Buddha was the title given to a young man named Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. Buddha was born about 563 B.C. at Kapilavastu, a town in northern India; when he grew to manhood, he developed a great desire to help his people and to save them from mental and physical problems. To this end, he gave up his palace and his inheritance to search for the truth and to bring peace to India. After seven years of searching, the truth came to his mind as he sat under a sacred fig tree, called a pipal or bo tree. This was at Buddh Gaya, India, from which the name Buddha was taken.
   Buddha taught that the secret of life was brotherly love and that selfishness causes the world's woes, which can be eradicated only by the system known as the "Eightfold Paths—right beliefs, right ideals, right words, right deeds, right way of earning a living, right efforts, right thinking, and right meditations." He believed that hatred will never stop until it comes under the power of love. The well-trained mind holds a kindly attitude toward those around, above, or below it. And the love of one's enemies is the crowning jewel of Buddhist life. The Buddhist goal is Nirvana, a condition of the mind of complete love and peace. A man may hope for Nirvana only if he has perfect self-control, unselfishness, knowledge, enlightenment, and a kindly attitude. He must also reject all anger, passion, fear, and sin.
   Buddhism is a worldwide religion, but it is practiced primarily in India, Indochina, China, and Japan.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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