Chauvinist and chauvinism were derived from the name of an overzealous French patriot named Nicolas Chauvin, of Rochefort. Chauvin, a veteran trooper in La Grande Armee, was wounded seventeen times while serving the First Republic and then the Empire under Napoleon. He had an exaggerated, almost fanatical admiration for the Corsican. He would not stop singing Napoleon's praises and the glories of France, and he was ridiculed for his unbridled boasting. He was caricatured by French playwrights Charles and Jean Cogniard, who were brothers, in La Cocarde tricolors ("Je suis francais, je suis Chauvin"—I am French, I am Chauvin) and by Eugene Scribe in Le Soldat Labourer. The character of Chauvin was depicted in a number of other works, including Conscript Chauvin by Charet and The Scarlet Pimpernel by Baroness Orczy. Chauvin would not recognize what has happened to the word denoting his adoration of Napoleon. Today a chauvinist may still of course refer to someone who mouths unreasoning patriotism, but it is far more frequently used by feminists to deride dispositions of male supremacy. Or it may represent a person who is an overzealous supporter of any cause.
   Eugene Maleska, former crossword puzzle editor of The New York Times, cites this doggerel without attribution:
Poor Nicholas, how fickle is
The world you loved a lot;
Now you're condemned by angry femmes
For all that you were not.
But, sir, you rate some hoots of hate
As superpatriot!

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chauvinist — Chauvinist,der:1.⇨Macho–2.⇨Nationalist …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • chauvinist — (n.) 1877, from Fr. chauviniste, from Chauvin (see CHAUVINISM (Cf. chauvinism)). Related: Chauvinistic …   Etymology dictionary

  • chauvinist — ► NOUN ▪ a person displaying excessive or prejudiced support for their own country, cause, group, or sex. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to such excessive or prejudiced support. DERIVATIVES chauvinistic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • chauvinist — chau|vin|ist [ˈʃəuvınıst US ˈʃou ] n 1.) someone, especially a man, who believes that their own sex is better or more important than the other sex ▪ He s a bit of a male chauvinist . ▪ a male chauvinist pig (=an insulting name for a male… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • chauvinist — noun (C) 1 someone, especially a man, who believes that their own sex is better and more important than the other sex: male chauvinist (pig): My boss is a male chauvinist who thinks no woman could do his job. 2 someone who believes that their own …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • chauvinist — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. nationalist, patriot; jingo, warmonger; macho, [male] chauvinist pig (both sl.). See warfare, boasting. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. jingo, jingoist, superpatriot, sexist; see bigot , patriot . III (Roget… …   English dictionary for students

  • chauvinist — UK [ˈʃəʊvənɪst] / US [ˈʃoʊvɪnɪst] noun [countable] Word forms chauvinist : singular chauvinist plural chauvinists someone who believes that their own country, race, sex, or group is better than any other. This word is used especially about men… …   English dictionary

  • Chauvinist — der Chauvinist, en (Oberstufe) jmd., der an die Überlegenheit der eigenen Nation gegenüber anderen glaubt und übertrieben patriotisch auftritt Beispiel: Er ist ein ausgesprochener Chauvinist, der von Frauen in Managementpositionen absolut nichts… …   Extremes Deutsch

  • chauvinist — 1. adjective Pertaining to chauvinism. 2. noun A chauvinist person …   Wiktionary

  • chauvinist — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ male PHRASES ▪ a male chauvinist pig …   Collocations dictionary

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