Confucius, known by the name of Kung Chiu, was a great Chinese philosopher, a recognized sage of China. His most famous remark, as apt today as it was when first uttered, was "What you do not like done to yourself, do not unto others." The ethical concepts of this man of tremendous influence are still the ideals of millions of people. His maxims dealt not with religion, but with morals (emphasizing one's virtue), the family (including remembrance of one's ancestors), social reforms, and statecraft.
   The father of Confucius, a courageous soldier of royal descent, died when his son was three years old. The boy's mother had little money, but she gave him the best education that she could. At fifteen, Confucius mastered the teachings of the holy sages whose influence had made China a wise and united nation.
   Confucius taught his followers that the secret of good government was in choosing honest and educated officials. At one time Confucius was appointed to a high position in the government of Lu, and he performed so well that he was considered the premier statesman in all of China. But he was subsequently forced to resign by a jealous duke. Confucius then traveled from place to place to find a prince who would listen to him. But his principles of good government were misunderstood or ignored by the rulers of his time.
   Confucius taught for fifty years, yet died practically unknown. The publication after his death of the Five Classics, which recorded his wise teachings, became the bible of Confucianism and the ethical guide for his followers, which then grew in number. Today the grave of Confucius is a place of homage.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Confucian — Con*fu cian, a. Of, or relating to, Confucius, the great Chinese philosopher and teacher, or to Confucianism; as, Confucian ethics. n. A Confucianist. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Confucian — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551 479 BC) or his philosophy. ► NOUN ▪ a follower of Confucius or his philosophy. DERIVATIVES Confucianism noun Confucianist noun & adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • Confucian — UK [kənˈfjuːʃən] / US [kənˈfjuʃən] adjective relating to or based on the moral theories and principles of Confucius Derived words: Confucian UK / US noun countable Word forms Confucian : singular Confucian plural Confucians Confucianism noun… …   English dictionary

  • Confucian — adjective Date: 1837 of or relating to the Chinese philosopher Confucius or his teachings or followers • Confucian noun • Confucianism noun • Confucianist noun or adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Confucian — /keuhn fyooh sheuhn/, n. 1. an adherent of the teachings of Confucius. 2. Also called Ju. a member of the school of philosophers, founded by Confucius, who codified in their teachings the traditional Chinese principles of ethics, morals, and… …   Universalium

  • Confucian — 1. adjective of, pertaining to, or conforming to the teachings of Confucius 2. noun One who follows the teachings of Confucius. Syn: Confucianist …   Wiktionary

  • Confucian — Confucianism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Confucian — Con·fu·cian || kÉ™n fjuːʃjÉ™n n. follower of Confucius (Chinese philosopher and teacher) adj. of or relating to Confucius (Chinese philosopher and teacher) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Confucian —    A follower of the philosophy of Confucius, the Chinese ethical leader …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Confucian — [kən fju:ʃ(ə)n] adjective relating to Confucius or Confucianism. noun an adherent of Confucianism …   English new terms dictionary

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